In Conclusion

The models that we have described in this paper represent a powerful set of tools available to the data analyst for exploring complex data structures. They are being used in many areas, including health, with great success in providing insights that are unavailable with more conventional methods. There is a growing literature extending these models, for example to multilevel structural equation models, and especially to the application of the multiple membership models in areas such as population demography [31]. An active e-mail discussion group exists which welcomes new members ( The data set used for illustration in this paper is available on the Centre for Multilevel Modelling website ( as an MLwiN worksheet.

+1 0

Post a comment