An ulcer is a chronic sore in the stomach or small intestine caused by too much acid

It may cause a chronic, dull (sometimes sharp) pain in the pit of the stomach. As with acid indigestion, often the pain lessens when the person eats food or drinks a lot of water. The pain usually gets worse an hour or more after eating, if the person misses a meal, or after he drinks alcohol or eats fatty or spicy foods. Pain is often worse at night. Without a special examination (endoscopy) it is often hard to know whether a person with frequent stomach pain has an ulcer or not. If the ulcer...

White Patches Or Spots In The Mouth

The tongue is coated with white 'fur'. Many illnesses cause a white or yellowish coating on the tongue and roof of the mouth. This is common when there is a fever. Although this coating is not serious, it helps to rinse the mouth with a solution of warm water with salt and bicarbonate of soda several times a day. Tiny white spots, like salt grains, in the mouth of a child with fever may be an early sign of measles (p. 311). Thrush small white patches on the inside of the mouth and tongue that...

Piles Hemorrhoids

Piles or hemorrhoids are varicose veins of the anus or rectum, which feel like little lumps or balls. They may be painful, but are not dangerous. They frequently appear during pregnancy and may go away afterwards. Certain bitter plant juices (witch hazel, cactus, etc.) dabbed on hemorrhoids help shrink them. So do hemorrhoid suppositories (p. 392). Sitting in a bath of warm water can help the hemorrhoid heal. Piles may be caused in part by constipation. It helps to eat plenty of fruit or food...

Index Of Medicines In The Green Pages

Listed in this order ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ Note Medicines not listed in the GREEN PAGES, but mentioned in the book, are listed in the main Index (yellow pages). Acetaminophen (paracetamol) 380 Acetylsaiicylic acid (aspirin) 379 Adrenalin (epinephrine) 385 Alacramyn (antivenom) 388 Alka-Seltzer (sodium bicarbonate) 381 Allergic reactions, medicines for 386 Amebas, medicines for 368 Anemia, medicines for 393 Antiminth (pyrantel) 376 Antivipmyn (antivenom) 388 Asthma, medicines for 385...

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an infection of the bronchi or tubes that carry air to the lungs. It causes a noisy cough, often with mucus or phlegm. Bronchitis is usually caused by a virus, so antibiotics do not generally help. Use antibiotics only if the bronchitis lasts more than a week and is not getting better, if the person shows signs of pneumonia (see the following page), or if he already has a chronic lung problem. A cough, with mucus that lasts for months or years. Sometimes the cough gets worse, and...

How to Use This Book

Read the list of CONTENTS at the beginning. This tells what each chapter is about and gives the page numbers for the different subjects discussed. To look up an Illness or other health subject 1. Look In the YELLOW PAGES at the end of the book. This Is an INDEX that lists, In the order of the alphabet, all the subjects in this book. Also, if you look up a particular problem, it refers you to the possible causes (for example, look up 'Itching'). If you cannot find what you want, look for it...

The Correct Use Of Oxytocics Ergonovine Oxytocin Pitocin

Oxytocics are medicines that contain ergonovine, ergometrine, or oxytocin. They cause contractions of the uterus and its blood vessels. They are important but dangerous drugs. Used the wrong way, they can cause the death of the mother or the child in her womb. Used correctly, sometimes they can save lives. These are their correct uses 1. To control bleeding after childbirth. This is the most important use of these medicines. In a case of heavy bleeding after the placenta has come out, inject...

Gonorrhea clap VD the drip and Chlamydia

Both men and women can have gonorrhea or chlamydia without any signs. Gonorrhea and chlamydia can have the same signs, though gonorrhea usually starts sooner and is more painful. Both men and women can have gonorrhea and chlamydia at the same time so it is best to treat for both. If not treated, either gonorrhea or chlamydia can make a man or a woman sterile (unable to have a baby). If a pregnant woman with gonorrhea or chlamydia is not treated before giving birth, the infection may get in the...

The Correct Uses Of Enemas

Simple enemas can help relieve constipation (dry, hard, difficult stools). Use warm water only, or water with a little soap in it. 2. When a person with severe vomiting is dehydrated, you can try replacing water by giving an enema of Rehydration Drink very slowly (see p. 152). PURGES AND LAXATIVES THAT ARE OFTEN USED PURGES AND LAXATIVES THAT ARE OFTEN USED These are irritating purges that often do more harm than good. It is better not to use them. MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE MILK OF MAGNESIA EPSOM...

The Urinary System and the Genitals

The urinary system or tract serves the body by removing waste material from the blood and getting rid of it in the form of urine filter the blood and form the urine. are tubes that carry urine to the bladder. The bladder is a bag that stores the urine. As it fills, it stretches and gets bigger. The urine tube or urinary canal (urethra) carries urine out through the penis in men or to a small opening between the lips of the vagina in women. The prostate gland makes the liquid that carries the...

Itching Rash Welts Or Hives Allergic Reactions In The Skin

Touching, eating, injecting, or breathing certain things can cause an itching rash or hives in allergic persons. For more details, see Allergic Reactions, p.' 166. Hives are thick, raised spots or patches that look like bee stings and itch like mad. They may come and go rapidly or move from one spot to another. Be on the watch for any reaction caused by certain medicines, especially injections of penicillin and the antivenoms or antitoxins made from horse serum. A rash or hives may appear from...

Night Blindness And Xerophthalmia Vitamin A Deficiency

This eye disease is most common in children between 1 and 5 years of age. It comes from not eating enough foods with vitamin A. If not recognized and treated early, it can make the child blind. At first, the child may have night blindness.'He cannot see as well in the dark as other people can. Later, he develops dry eyes (xerophthalmia). The white of the eyes loses its shine and begins to wrinkle. Patches of little gray bubbles (Bitot's spots)'may form in the eyes. As the disease gets worse,...

Ringworm Tinea Fungus Infections

Fungus infections may appear on any part of the body, but occur most frequently on the parts without between the hair (ringwoTm) toes or fingers the parts without between the hair (ringwoTm) toes or fingers Most fungus infections grow in the form of a ring. They often itch. Ringworm of the head can produce round patches with scales and loss of hair. Finger and toe nails infected with the fungus become rough and thick. Soap and water. Washing the infected part every day with soap and water may...

Warts Verrucae

Most warts, especially those in children, last 3 to 5 years and go away by themselves. Flat, painful wart-like spots on the sole of the foot are often 'plantar warts'. (Or they may be corns. See below.) Magical or household cures often get rid of warts. But it is safer not to use strong acids or poisonous plants, as these may cause burns or sores much worse than the warts. Painful plantar warts sometimes can be removed by a health worker. For warts on the penis or vagina, see p. 402.

Shingles Herpes Zoster

A line or patch of painful blisters that suddenly appears on one side of the body is probably shingles. It is most common on the back, chest, neck, or face. The blisters usually last 2 or 3 weeks, then go away by themselves. Sometimes the pain continues or returns long after the blisters are gone. Shingles is caused by the virus that causes chickenpox and usually affects persons who have had chickenpox before. It is not dangerous. (However, it is occasionally a warning sign of some other more...

A child who grows well is healthy

A child who gains weight more slowly than other children, stops gaining weight, or is losing weight is not healthy. He may not be eating enough or he may have a serious illness, or both. A good way to check whether a child is healthy and is getting enough nutritious food is to weigh him each month and see if he gains weight normally. If a monthly record of the child's weight is kept on a Child Health Chart, it is easy to see at a glance whether the child is gaining weight normally. When used...

Enemas Laxatives And Purges When To Use Them And When Not To

Many people give enemas and take laxatives far too often. The 'urge to purge' is world wide. Enemas and purges are very popular home cures. And they are often very harmful. Many people believe fever and diarrhea can be 'washed out' by giving an enema (running water into the gut through the anus) or by using a purge, or strong laxative. Unfortunately, such efforts to clean or purge the sick body often cause more injury to the already damaged gut. Rarely do enemas or laxatives do any good at all....

Scrape Ulcer Or Scar On The Cornea

When the very thin, delicate surface of the cornea has been scraped, or damaged by infection, a painful corneal ulcer may result. If you look hard in a good light, you may see a grayish or less shiny patch on the surface of the cornea. If not well cared for, a corneal ulcer can cause blindness. Apply antibiotic eye ointment, 4 times a day for 7 days, give penicillin (p. 351), and cover the eye with a patch. If the eye is not better in 2 days, get medical help. A corneal scar is a painless,...

Earache and Ear Infections

Ear infections are common in small children. The infection often begins after a few days with a cold or a stuffy or plugged nose. The fever may rise, and the child often cries or rubs the side of his head. Sometimes pus can be seen in the ear. In small children an ear infection sometimes causes vomiting or diarrhea. So when a child has diarrhea and fever be sure to check his ears. It is important to treat ear infections early. Give an antibiotic like penicillin (p. 351) or co-trimoxazole (p....

Acid Indigestion Heartburn And Stomach Ulcers

Acid indigestion and 'heartburn' often come from eating too much heavy or greasy food or from drinking too much alcohol or coffee. These make the stomach produce extra acid, which causes discomfort or a 'burning' feeling in the stomach or mid-chest. Some people mistake the chest pain, called 'heartburn', for a heart problem rather than indigestion. If the pain gets worse when lying down, it is probably heartburn. Frequent or lasting acid indigestion is a warning sign of an ulcer.

Cases In Which It Is Dangerous To Use Enemas Or Laxatives

Never use an enema or laxative if a person has a severe stomach-ache or any other sign of appendicitis or 'acute abdomen' (see p. 93), even if he passes days without a bowel movement. Never give an enema or laxative to a person with a bullet wound or other injury to the gut. Never give a strong laxative to a weak or sick person. It will weaken him more. Never give an enema or purge to a baby less than 2 years old. Never give a laxative or purge to a child with high fever, vomiting, diarrhea or...

Impetigo

This is a bacterial infection that causes rapidly spreading sores with shiny, yellow crusts. It often occurs on children's faces especially around the mouth. Impetigo can spread easily to other people from the-sores or contaminated fingers. Wash the affected part with soap and cooled, boiled water 3 to 4 times each day, gently soaking off the crusts. After each washing, paint the sores with gentian violet (p. 371) or spread on an antibiotic cream containing bacitracin such as Polysporin (p....

Importance Of Limited Use Of Antibiotics

The use of all medicines should be limited. But this is especially true of antibiotics, for the following reasons 1. Poisoning and reactions. Antibiotics not only kill bacteria, they can also harm the body, either by poisoning it or by causing allergic reactions. Many people die each year because they take antibiotics they do not need. 2. Upsetting the natural balance. Not all bacteria in the body are harmful. Some are necessary for the body to function normally. Antibiotics often kill the good...