Patients who undergo a breast reconstructive procedure may require surgery of the contralateral breast in order to obtain a better breast symmetry or to improve the aesthetic appearance of both breasts. First, the reconstructed breast should be shaped higher and smaller in accordance with the patient's wishes. Corrections of the contralateral breast are rarely performed together with breast reconstruction, for two reasons: the reconstructed breast will undergo changes in shape after sagging, absorption of edema, and hematoma postoperatively; or the reconstructed breast will change as a result of possible irradiation. It is advisable to delay the correction of the contralateral breast to a second stage within 3 to 6 months. Immediate remodeling is usually done in cases of oncoplastic surgery in which a bilateral remodeling of both breasts is performed as part of the surgical procedure.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.