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Peters H Gehirn, in Deeg et al Die Ultraschalluntersuchung des Kindes. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York (1997) 443 Ref. Peters H Gehirn, in Deeg et al Die Ultraschalluntersuchung des Kindes. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York (1997) 443 SCW (sinucortical width) < 3 mm CCW (craniocerebral width) < 4 mm IHW (Interhemispheric width) < 6 mm Width of lateral ventricles (frontal horn) < 13 mm Ultrasound Teaching Manual ISBN 313 111041 4 Checklist of Criteria for...

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Gallbladder Hydrops

Since 80 of the patients with gallstones are asymptomatic, detected gallstones are only consequential in context with , their complications (cholecystitis, cholangitis, colics, biliary obstruction). If removal is indicated, this can be achieved by percutaneous or open cholecystectomy or, alternatively, by ESWL (extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy) or ERCP. Furthermore, the composition of the bile can be altered by medication and some stones regress following...

Left Lateral Flank

Left high flank section in right lateral decubitus position Right intercostal flank section in left lateral decubitus position Try to think which organs appear in which sonographic sections The solutions can be found overleaf. Standard Sonographie Sections with Corresponding Transducer Positions The most important organs and vessels that are seen in the various standard sonographic sections are listed here. In addition to remembering the corresponding body landmarks, the names of the...

7mm Gestational

In a cycle stimulated as part of infertility therapy, merely measuring the serum hormone levels can neither rule out hy-perstimulated ovaries (Fig. 62.5) nor reliably estimate the number of preovulatory follicles (93). It is for this reason that the number of maturing graafian follicles be monitored sonographically so that therapy can be terminated and contraceptive measures advised when more than two preovulatory follicles develop. About 5 of women have polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)...

Homoeopathy Medicine For Bladder Infiltration Of Rectosigmoid Tumor

Testicles Undescended Adult

The ascending colon can be seen in the lateral sagittal section (Fig. 52.1 a). In most cases, air in the colon precludes visualization of its lumen. Large amounts of retained fecal matter (coprostasis) can occasionally be found in the colon of old patients. A transverse colon (43) without any evidence of inflammatory mural thickening (transverse section of the upper abdomen) is shown in Figures 52.1b and c. This contrasts with the thickened wall (74) found in ulcerative colitis or ischemia...

Dilated Renal Pelvis

Renal Pelvis Dilation

The normal configuration of the kidney (Fig. 37.2) can show several findings that can be traced to its embryologie development. Hyperplastic columns of Bertin can protrude from the parenchyma (29) into the renal pelvis (31) and do not differ in echogenicity from the remaining renal parenchyma. An equally iso-echogenic parenchymal bridge can completely divide the collecting system. A partial or complete parenchymal gap at the same location indicates a renal duplication (Fig. 38.1) with separate...

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Not all echoes that originate at an acoustic interface return to the transducer without further reflection. If several strongly reflecting boundaries are encountered, the sound waves can be reflected back and forth before they eventually return as echo to the transducer. The resultant delay in registering these echoes leads to reverberation echoes 51 . These reverberation echoes project as several parallel lines in the anterior aspect near the transducer of the urinary bladder Figs. 10.1 and...