Further Descriptions of Autism Shifting Focus Towards Disintegration

Gradually the focus shifted from strictly behavioural descriptions towards the issues of personality disintegration and disturbed sense of identity, i.e. underlying subtle characteristics of the autistic existence. Several authors 36,53 stressed the peculiarities of schizoid sexuality, ranging from abstinence to chaotic experiences. Psychoanalytic literature also focused on disintegrative aspects of personality. Deutsch 54 described the so-called ''as-if'' personalities, emphasizing the...

Sae

274 subjects from general 1. social avoidance 2. perceptual-cognitive distortion population, 133 outpatients with PD 1095 subjects from general population 313 relatives of schizophrenic probands 1. unusual experiences 2. cognitive disorganization 3. impulsive nonconformity 4. introversive anhedonia 7 factor solution 1. borderline, 2. schizoid, 3. avoidant, 4. negative schizotypy, 5. paranoid symptoms, 6. positive schizotypy, 7. cognitive disorganization (containing odd speech and bad...

Dimensions Of Psychopathology

Table 1.4 presents in detail selected factor or cluster analytic studies of the dimensionality of schizotypy. This approach was first applied to psychiatric data (a correlational matrix) in 1930. In 1948 it was proposed 146 that schizophrenic symptomatology could be accounted for by 3 factors (1) ''schizoid withdrawal'', (2) ''paranoid projection'' and (3) ''heboid regression''. These correspond to the contemporary designations of negative, positive, and disorganized symptoms. It needs to be...

Exploring the First Person Perspective

Although all of the authors mentioned so far certainly paid attention to their patients' spontaneous complaints, only a few specifically embarked on more systematic projects of exploring and describing the patients' typical ways of self-experience and of experiencing the world. Paul Meehl, in one of his last publications 61 , drew attention to an ''unmistakable phenomenon showing up in a sizable minority of pseudoneurotic patients and in the majority of disintegrated schizotypes'' I have...

The Single Diagnostic SPD Criteria in a Clinical Phenomenological Perspective

The SPD diagnostic criteria are only laconically presented in the DSM-IV (and ICD-10 alike). The following elaboration is anchored in the classic and Table 1.8 DSM-IV criteria for schizotypal personality disorder 1. Ideas of reference (excluding delusions of reference) 2. Odd beliefs or magical thinking that influences behaviour and is inconsistent with subcultural norms 3. Unusual perceptual experiences, including bodily illusions 5. Suspiciousness or paranoid ideation 6. Inappropriate or...

Kretschmer The Psychaesthetic Proportion

In 1921, Kretschmer published a book on bodily and psychological types, written in a particularly brilliant style, which ensured a widespread dissemination of the concept of schizoidia among psychiatrists and psychologists, as well as among the general public. Kretschmer 48 described two fundamental ''temperament types'' (''schizothymia'' and ''cyclothymia''), which intrinsically corresponded to the two ''endoge-neous'' psychoses, schizophrenia and manic-depressive. The transition happened...

The Schizotypal Organization by Rado and Meehl

In the midst of massive psychoanalytic domination, Sandor Rado 43 and Paul Meehl 15 pointed to certain limits of the psychodynamic understanding of schizophrenia and its attenuated conditions both drew attention to the phenotypic manifestations that were so basic that they resisted any further psychological reduction or explanation. Rado coined the term ''schizotype'' as an abbreviation of ''schizophrenic phenotype''. Neither Rado nor Meehl viewed schizotypy as inherited, as such. It is...

Dsmiii

Intersubjective peculiarities of behaviour Autism as a trait phenomenon radical intersubjective displacement, clinically manifest in several modalities Autism and coexisting hyper- and hypo-sensitivity Pseudo-neurotic borderline schizophrenia polymorphic features, disintegration Autism as a ''generative disorder'' altered structure of experience Altered structure of subjective experience altered structure of consciousness Schizotypal organization anhedonia and proprioceptive diathesis...