BExamples of Plasma Expanders

(1) Normal human serum albumin. Normal human serum albumin is a fraction of whole blood. It is a clear, moderately viscous, brownish fluid which contains 25 grams of serum albumin in 100 milliliters of product. Because each gram of albumin holds approximately 18 milliliters of water, it is used as blood volume expander in the treatment of hemorrhage or shock. In this use, the albumin draws fluid into the circulatory system from the surrounding tissues. This product has also been used as a protein replacement in cases where the level of protein in the serum is very low (e.g., in nephrosis). Normal human serum albumin should not be given to dehydrated patients since it draws fluid from the body tissues. If necessary, the product may be administered to dehydrated patients if 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection or 5% Dextrose

Injection is administered at the same time. Fortunately, this product is very stable. Therefore, it is not necessary to keep it refrigerated in its liquid state.

(2) Plasma protein fraction (Plasmanate). Plasma protein fraction is a sterile solution of stabilized human plasma proteins in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection. Each 100 milliliters of this product contains approximately five grams of protein. This product is nearly colorless (slightly brown). Plasma protein fraction is used in the treatment of nonhemorrhagic shock (i.e., shock not associated with loss of whole blood). Side effects associated with this product are uncommon, but they include increased salivation, nausea, and vomiting.

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Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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