Homemade Skin Care Recipes

Leons Anti-aging Beauty Secrets

Leons Anti-Aging Beauty Secrets provides useful tips for women on anti-aging and skin care. This book reveals interesting ancient beauty secrets, talks about anti-aging diet, and provides easy-to-make natural recipes for home skin care. Learn how to use Essential and Carrier Oils to make your own Anti-aging Serums that rejuvenate, revitalize and brighten your complexion. Make your own Alpha Hydroxy Facial Masks to deal with Dull, Blotchy, Lifeless and Wrinkled Skin. Dont you want to know what women in other countries have been using for generations to keep themselves young and gorgeous? Discover the Anti-aging Secrets of women across the Globe. Learn how these easy Facial Exercises can reduce your Laugh Lines, Puffy Eyes, Wrinkles and improve your overall Skin Tone. Make Your own Eyelash Growth Serum using some Carrier Oils and get Longer, Darker and Thicker Eyelashes in less than a month. Learn Gemstone Therapy For Aging Skin and Make Your Own Gemstone Elixir. Continue reading...

Leons Antiaging Beauty Secrets Overview


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Skintervention Guide: Purely Paleo Skincare

The Skintervention Guide contains more than 200 pages of downloadable, Fully Digital information that will radically change the way you think about skincare, body care, and everything in-between. For just $37 the key to natural skincare and a beautifully radiant body is at your fingertips. Heal Acne, Eczema, Scarring, Skin, Hair, And Nail Problems Naturally! Great Skin And A Beautiful Body Starts From The Inside. A Guide To Paleo And Primal Nutrition, Digestion, And The Right Routine For Gorgeous Skin And Body. As an added bonus, youll receive two Extra downloads: Skintervention Guide Easy Recipes to kickstart your journey, and Skintervention Guide Resources where I share all my fave goodies (North America-based) to pamper your skin naturally. Not only that, but you receive lifetime updates to the guide And access to my password-protected Online resource guide! Thats over 200 pages of in-depth, quality content; Bonus Guides, online support, and a lifetime of updates! Heres what I will share with you: The nutrients you need for beautiful skin, lovely hair and a radiant bodyand where to find them. Unexpected super-foods that are critical for skin wellness (conventional wisdom not welcome!) Why almost everyone needs digestive helpand how to get it. How to get nutrients where they need to go. The best products on the planet for cleansing and nourishing the skin (hint: there are NO unpronounceable ingredients or unnecessary chemicals!) Alternatives to conventional makeup, hair dyes and hair care products. Strategies for improving cellulite and tips for smart intimate and feminine care. How to ditch toxins in food, in your body, and in your body care routine! Continue reading...

Skintervention Guide Purely Paleo Skincare Overview

Contents: Ebook
Author: Liz Wolfe
Official Website: purelyprimalskincare.com
Price: $37.00

Skin Problems

Some skin problems are caused by diseases or irritations that affect the skin only such as ringworm, diaper rash, or warts. Other skin problems are signs of diseases that affect the whole body such as the rash of measles or the sore, dry patches of pellagra (malnutrition). Certain kinds of sores or skin conditions may be signs of serious diseases like tuberculosis, syphilis, or leprosy. This chapter deals only with the more common skin problems in rural areas. However, there are hundreds of diseases of the skin. Some look so much alike that they are hard to tell apart yet their causes and the specific treatments they require may be quite different.

How is skin disease different from other conditions

As with any illness, a skin disease brings on a variety of life changes and challenges that we may not be prepared to deal with. However, unlike conditions which do not change the way people look, skin problems raise a whole new set of challenges because of their visibility. The visibility of certain conditions may attract attention in social situations, thus making the individual feel that they can't keep their condition private or personal. Furthermore, owing to a lack of health education and awareness in dermatology, some people associate skin disease with contagion or lack of hygiene. This ignorance regarding skin conditions means that a skin disease patient may find that some people react negatively towards them or treat them differently because of the way that they look. In many cases the physical changes that may result from skin disease can have a negative effect on body image. Body image is our perception of the way that others see us, and therefore any sudden changes to the...

Structuring life around disease when it gets better I will

One of the most common 'coping mechanisms' displayed by people with skin problems is a desire to treat and get rid of the condition rather than getting on with living with it. Behaviours such as taking up new sports, applying for a promotion or even getting married are postponed in the hope that the condition will be cured, enabling them to lead more enjoyable lives. Here follows a section taken from a counselling session with a 22-year-old Asian woman who had recently been diagnosed with vitiligo.


It is possible that many of the images that arise from TV adverts are drawn from society at large and can be seen as a kind of barometer of cultural values and beliefs. For instance, media advertising of beauty aids may accentuate the distinction between normal and different people as they often promote the idea that attractive people have better prospects for their professional and social lives. A skin care cream may show a handsome model using the cream to get rid of their spots before they go out and have a great time, mixing successfully with members of the opposite sex, now that they have smooth, clear skin.

Aspects of Epidermal Regeneration

Blasts established from normal skin or from hypertrophic scar tissue to the growth factor. However, simplified in vitro cell culture systems inherently lack other components that may influence the responses of cells in vivo. For example, study of the response of pure cultures of fibroblasts to a scrape injury (as a model of an incision wound) does not include the contribution of paracrine growth factors and cytokines that may be secreted by epidermal keratinocytes or inflammatory cells. Although constraints exist, both in vitro and in vivo model systems provide important information about aspects of skin wound healing.

How does diabetes affect your skin

A small minority of people with diabetes may have skin problems caused by damage to the small blood vessels. When this occurs, it results in reddening and thinning of the skin over the lower shinbones - a condition known as necrobiosis lipoidica. Unfortunately, there is no effective treatment. Other skin-related problems that are statistically more likely to occur in people with diabetes include fungal infections, a depigmentation of the skin called vitiligo, and loss of hair on the head, known scientifically as alopecia.

Stat3Mediated Transduction of IL6 Signaling Is Essential for Tissue Repair

STATs (signal transducers and activators of transcription) are cytoplasmic molecules that transduce signals from a variety of growth factors, cytokines, and hormones. Once activated by tyrosine phosphorylation, they dimerize and translocate to the nucleus, where they bind to specific DNA elements and thus activate target gene expression (67). Stat-3 is activated by IL-6 signaling and is thus a likely candidate for a role in wound repair. Since Stat-3 null mice die during embryogenesis (68), Sano et al. (69) used a Cre-lox approach to knock out Stat-3 in keratinocytes. Consistent with a low level of IL-6 expression in normal skin, they saw no effect on skin morphogenesis. However, following full-thickness excisional wounding, the healing process was severely compromised, with dramatically reduced reepithelialization (Fig. 2), showing clear similarities to the reepithelialization phenotype of the IL-6 knockout mice. The overall effect on repair was less dramatic than in the IL-6 null...

Prospects for the Future

In the future, continued advances in molecular biology will undoubtedly lead to additional novel therapies to accelerate wound repair. Studies of the molecular biology of aging are yielding new insights into aging in vivo in skin and other tissues. Initial experiments utilized cells aged in culture (by serial passage) and demonstrated that somatic cells, such as dermal fibroblasts, have a finite ability to undergo cell division. This process was termed replicative or cellular senescence and provided the foundation for advances in the cell biology of aging (95). Although a causal relationship between cellular senescence and organismic aging in vivo has not been established, recent data indicate that senescent cells could negatively impact aging skin and subsequent wound healing in the aged. Dimri et al. (96) have shown that there is an increase in the number of cells that express SA-P-galactosidase, a marker of senescence, in both the dermis and epidermis of aged human skin....

Structure And Physiological Functions Of The Skin

Dermal fibroblasts also produce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that provide for a dynamic turnover of extracellular matrix proteins and also are important in wound healing (Pilcher et al., 1999). These MMPs include collagenase-1 (MMP-1), stromelysin-1 (MMP-3), and gelatinase B (MMP-9). A balance between synthesis and enzymatic degradation of extracellular matrix proteins is required for homeostasis in the dermis. In aging skin, the synthesis of matrix proteins slows, while expression of MMPs is increased (West, 1994). These biochemical changes in the dermis can result in the sagging and wrinkles commonly observed in aged skin. Chronic exposure to sunlight can further exacerbate these biochemical changes in the dermis (Wlaschek et al., 2001).

Cutaneous Absorption And Deposition Of Dietary And Topically Applied Retinol And Retinyl Esters

While vitamin A is required for development and maintenance of healthy skin, humans, as well as other animals, are incapable of de novo synthesis of compounds with vitamin A activity. These compounds must, therefore, be obtained exogenously. For the skin, compounds with vitamin A activity

Vitiligo White Areas of the Skin

In some persons, certain areas of the skin lose their natural color (pigment). Then white patches appear. These are most common on the hands, feet, face, and upper body. This loss of normal skin color called vitiligo is not an illness. It can be compared to white hair in older people. No treatment helps or is needed, but the white skin should be protected from sunburn with clothing or an ointment of zinc oxide. Also, special coloring creams can help make the spots less noticeable.

Temporal summation in secondary hyperalgesic areas

The facilitation of temporal summation to either laser or electrical stimuli in secondary hyperalgesic areas seems controversial and depends on the stimulus modality and configuration 31, 40, 50, 51 . In the human topical capsaicin model, the summation of both electrical and radiant heat stimuli were facilitated in the secondary hyperalgesic area compared with normal skin 40 . Pedersen et al. 51 used the controlled-heat injury model for the induction of hyperalgesia and found no facilitation of temporal summation to painful electrical stimuli in the hyperalgesic areas. It is unclear if capsaicin and controlled-heat injury initiate different forms of central sensitization with different characteristics, which may result in different effects on temporal summation. Furthermore, it is not known if different stimulus modalities used to evoke temporal summation are of importance to explain the mechanisms of hyperalgesia and temporal summation. Therefore, Yucel et al. 31 performed a...

Electrophysiological methods to assess hyperalgesia

Repetitive punctuate stimulation with a von Frey hair within the area with hyperalgesia is illustrated. The device stimulates with a fixed time period in contact with the skin and with a fixed frequency. The thickness of the von Frey hair can be changed. After hyperalgesia has been induced, robust punctuate pain is induced with this repetitive paradigm, compared to normal skin. The temporal summation mechanism is facilitated for punctuate and mechanical impact stimuli within the secondary hyperalgesic area 31 . If the von Frey hair is replaced by a thinner filament, tactile allodynia can be assessed. Repetitive tactile stimulation causes pain after hyperalgesia has developed in contrast to normal skin. VAS, visual analog scale. Repetitive punctuate stimulation with a von Frey hair within the area with hyperalgesia is illustrated. The device stimulates with a fixed time period in contact with the skin and with a fixed frequency. The thickness of the von Frey hair can be changed. After...

Treatment And Nursing Care

Diet and activity should be adjusted to the clinical condition of the patient. The extremely ill patient will not want ambulation and may have nausea and vomiting so severe as to require supplements with 10 percent glucose solution. After gradually increasing ambulation, the patient may return to normal activity when he is asymptomatic and the liver tenderness has subsided. There is no specific medical treatment for viral hepatitis. Good general care is required. Pay attention to good oral hygiene, skin care, and elimination. Encourage fluids by mouth if nausea is not a problem. It may be necessary to entice the patient to eat. He may resist eating at first but eventually he will recover his appetite. When the appetite has returned to normal, a diet high in calories, proteins, and moderate carbohydrates is usually ordered. Fats may or may not be limited and vitamins may be given. For the patient with fulminant hepatitis, the common complications are hepatic coma, renal failure, and...

Clinical Features

Most tropical ulcers develop at exposed sites on the limbs, possibly areas subject to trauma such as a scratch or insect bite, and are therefore commonest on the lower legs and on the unshod foot. They may also occur on the arms. The ulcer goes through an evolutionary phase starting with a preulcerative papule on apparently healthy skin. This is an area of hyperpigmentation and swelling which may rarely blister (Fig. 62.1). A characteristic is its rapid breakdown to form an ulcer with an indurated edge. The sudden appearance of the ulcer from an area of discomfort on an exposed site together with subsequent pain and the regular punched out appearance are very typical (Fig. 62.2). The floor of the ulcer is covered by a foul-smelling, grayish, purulent slough. Pain is common and there may be fever and constitutional symptoms. There is usually no regional lymph node swelling. If the lesion is treated promptly with careful dressing, the spread is limited to a lesion, 2-4 cm in diameter,...

Lichen Sclerosus Et Atrophicus

Lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LSA) may be found in males and females of all ages (1,2), but is typically a problem in older women appearing in the vulvar keyhole distribution (3,4). While it is generally assumed that LSA is an acquired disease, there are no longitudinal studies demonstrating its origin in normal skin, so that the possibility of congenital predisposition cannot be ruled out. Because the disease is occasionally found in premenarchal girls, an argument for congenital origin or genetic control may have some weight.

Use of High Throughput Microarray Membranes for cDNA Analysis of Cutaneous Wound Repair

Because of the ability to store large data sets and compare different experiments, it is possible not only to compare hypertropic scar with normal scar or to normal skin, as we have previously reported, but also to compare the data from those arrays to other data sets such as acute wounds. This allows a

Trisomy 21 Down Syndrome

Overfolding upper helix, and small or absent earlobes. Hypoplastic teeth are common. Hand findings include short metacarpals and fingers, clinodactyly (60 ), simian crease (45 ), and characteristic prints. They exhibit a wide gap between the first and second toes. Cardiac abnormalities are present in 49 , with endocardial cushion defects, ventricular septal defects (VSDs), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), and atrial septal defects (ASDs). Cutaneous manifestations include dry skin, cutis marmorata, fine, soft sparse hair, and straight pubic hair. Occasionally, patients have seizures, strabismus, and low-set ears. Patients are at higher risk for duodenal atresia, atlantoaxial instability, leukemia, and thyroid disease.

Antibacterial mechanisms

The most common assumption is that it is the alcohol in wine that kills bacteria. After all, alcohol has long been used as an antiseptic and is an effective disinfectant for wounds or healthy skin. The most common alcohol used as an antiseptic is isopropyl alcohol, or isopropanol (chemical structure CH3-CH 2 CH2OH). Isopropanol replaced ethanol as an antiseptic because it has similar properties but is much cheaper to produce. High concentrations of alcohol are required to kill bacteria, and 70 isopropanol has been found to be the most active concentration against Staphylococci and other bacteria (Harrington and Walker 1903). Ethanol, or ethyl alcohol (CH3-CH2OH), is the alcohol found in wine, beer and spirits. Like isopropanol, it is strongly antibacterial at high concentrations, but its efficacy wanes as the percentage decreases (Block 2001). We found that ethanol 40 was almost instantaneously lethal against Staphylococci and enteric bacteria, but ethanol 10 had almost no effect on...

Longterm Urologic Management

The use of a chronic indwelling catheter is never desirable because of its complications including epididymitis, urethrocutaneous fistula, traumatic hypospadias, and squamous cell carcinoma. Yet, chronic catheterization remains the most common form of management in patients who are tetraplegic and bedridden. Many female patients, unable to use an external collecting device, are managed with catheter drainage because they fail pharmacologic therapy and or have limited hand function. McGuire followed 35 women managed with either an indwelling catheter or CIC for 2-12 yr following spinal-cord injury and found a significant reduction in the incidence of autonomic dysreflexia, febrile UTIs, pyelonephritic scarring by I VP, and bladder stones in patients managed with intermittent catheterization. This same study showed 92 of women with long-term indwelling catheters eventually had incontinence around the catheter and 54 had urethral erosion, whereas none on CIC had these complications (51)....

Superior Pedicle Vertical Scar Mammaplasty Surgical Technique

Superior Medial Pedicle Technique

In my practice the vertical technique is applied to all reductions and mastopexies regardless of size. I personally do not believe that breast size is a limiting factor rather I believe that the amount of excess skin, the quality of the skin, the relationship of the skin envelope to the breast tissue, and the distance the nipple has to be moved are far more important factors than breast size alone. The best candidates are those with normal skin elasticity and a skin envelope that adheres to the underlying breast tissue and those with moderately large breasts. Less ideal candidates are those with poor-quality skin, a loose envelope where the skin adheres poorly to the underlying breast tissue, and extreme ptosis or breast hypertrophy.

Laser Treatment of Tattoos

Q-switched laser treatment of tattoos is moderately painful but usually does not require anesthesia. These extremely short-pulsed lasers produce a sensation similar to that of a rubber band snapping against the skin. The sensation is sharp but very brief, and is painful mainly during the actual treatment. Topical anesthetic creams such as EMLA or Betacaine may be partially helpful but are limited in effect because they numb only the more superficial layers of skin. Unfortunately, it is the deeper layers (in the dermis) where the tattoo ink particles are located. Subsequent laser treatments are progressively less painful because there is less and less ink in the tattoo. In fact, where there is no tattoo ink in the skin, these lasers are virtually painless. This is because tattooed skin contains much more chromophore than does normal skin.

What Are Lasers and How Do They Work

For a better understanding of the special advantages of lasers in cosmetic surgery, we need to know what a laser is. How is laser energy produced What are the properties of laser light that distinguish it from conventional light or other energy sources Why are lasers uniquely suited to treat special skin problems of cosmetic concern to patients Is a laser really that special, and why The story of lasers begins over a hundred years ago.

Endocrine Causes of Obesity

Many patients are concerned that they have a metabolic or glandular cause for their obesity. This may be a reflection of the frustration that some of these individuals feel over the difficulties that they have had in battling a weight problem over many years. They may be looking for a medical explanation of why they have not succeeded in their goal of losing weight. Endocrine causes of serious obesity are not common. The three most commonly cited are hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, and hypothalamic obesity. To evaluate the patient for hypothyroidism, questions can be asked about cold intolerance, constipation, irregular menses, fatigue, or depression. The presence of easy bruisability, proximal muscle weakness (difficulty getting out of a chair, trouble getting things out of a high cupboard), a change in appearance, or osteoporosis may be signs of hypercortisolism. The patient can be examined for signs of hypothyroidism including bradycardia, cool dry skin, a firm palpable...


Taxonomy and nomenclature of this fungus have always been controversial. Not too long ago it was called Pityrosporum (P ovale-P. orbicular) in the yeast phase present on healthy skin and in seborrheic dermatitis. Now the term Malassezia is commonly used when referring to both forms. As a result of morphologic studies and molecular biological studies, seven species of Malassezia have been identified M. globosa, M. sympodialis, M. restricta, M. slooffiae, M. obtusa, and


No established satisfactory treatment exists a promising approach is oral psoralen (photosensitizing drug) followed by exposure to artificial long-wave ultraviolet light (UVA) potent fluorinated steroid topically may be helpful. Generalized vitiligo may be treated by depigmentation of normal skin.


Birthmarks are collections of cells or skin structures that are aggregated more densely than they are in normal skin. They are visible because they are composed of increased concentrations of the skin's visible pigments, hemoglobin or melanin. Less common birthmarks are normal in color but abnormal in texture because of increased thickness of the epidermis or dermis.


The recovery of the skin barrier can be followed in open blisters using noninvasive techniques, such as measuring transepidermal water evaporation and blood circulation (13,14). Water evaporation can be measured with an Evaporimeter EP2. The probe is placed on the wound, and three measurements are usually made from each blister. Evaporation from healthy skin is also measured. Water evaporation is usually < 10 g (m2* h) in healthy skin. In the blister base immediately after blister induction, water evaporation is about 90-110 g (m2* h), while after 2 d the value is about 50-80 g (m2* h) and after 4 d is about 20-40 g (m2* h) (14). Blood flow can be measured with a laser-Doppler flowmeter from healing blister bases. The values are usually highest in healing blister wounds at 2-4 d after blister induction (13).

Diabetic Neuropathy

Patient symptoms can be varied, and include burning dysesthesias and occasional interruption of all stimuli (allodynia), decreased sweating, impaired vasodilation, dry skin, cold extremities, and defective thermal sensation. Patients have normal reflexes and motor strength and significantly reduced sensitivity to the 1 g monofilament and vibratory sensation with the 128-Hz tuning fork.

Clinical Picture

The dermatitis of pellagra is bilateral and symmetric. It involves sunlight exposed skin, such as the face, neck, dorsum of the hands and feet. It is characterized by intense erythema, edema, burning, blisters and subsequently scaling, skin thickening and dark brown pigmentation. Lesions about the lower neck form a collarette of dermatitis, and are called Casal's necklace (Fig. 59.1). The dermatitis can be generalized. There can be maceration in folds and ulcerative areas. Follicular hyperkeratosis is observed in seborrheic areas such as sides of the nose and cheeks. The mouth may be sore with angular cheilitis and glossitis. This last originates as an inflammatory process with atrophy of the filliform papillae. There is pharynxitis and painful esophagitis with odynophagia as well as vomiting and diarrhea. Anemia, amenorrhea, miscarriages and weight loss may occur. Central nervous system symptoms include irritability, asthenia, anorexia, headache, insomnia, anterograde and retrograde...

Specimen Collection

Obtain biopsies of burned and unburned skin from patients at the time of debridement and eschar excision, prior to grafting. Skin samples are best obtained from the extremities or torso because these areas provide a good dermal layer for manipulation. Normal skin should not be taken from the face or genital area, to avoid cosmetic complications. The specimen obtained from the excised burned skin should include the margin between the burned and unburned skin (or zone of stasis and the normal skin). Unburned control skin specimens can be obtained from an area within 5 mm of the zone of stasis second- and third-degree burn samples are obtained from the area contiguous to the zone of stasis. Small pieces of skin that include the margin between the burned and unburned skin can be removed with a 5- to 6-mm punch biopsy. This biopsy should be deep, extending into the adipose tissue to get a good representative section of the tissue in question. This size of punch biopsy will provide adequate...


The lesions are brownish-red and are due to Corynebacterium minutissimum, a gram-positive rod that is a part of normal skin flora. Nummular eczema is a chronic, pruritic dermatitis composed of plaques of papules and vesicles. The lesions are coin-shaped (nummular) and are common on the lower extremities of older men in the winter months when dryness of the skin is common. Nummular eczema is often associated with a history of atopy.

The Skin and Aging

Aging causes subtle structural and biochemical changes in the skin independently of environmental factors. The most obvious and characteristic changes, however, are largely the result of many years of sun exposure. How old one looks (especially in the face) is much more a function of how much sun damage he or she has suffered than it is of his or her chronological age. The sun produces a great deal of UV radiation, which is largely responsible for the skin damage. The damage ranges from an acute injury such as sunburn to the chronic structural changes that we associate with aging skin, including splotchy pigmentation (age spots) and wrinkles. Most skin cancers are attributable to UV damage to skin cells' genetic material deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Protection from sun exposure is by far the most effective measure anyone can take to prevent aging of the skin as well as potentially serious health problems such as skin cancer. Even artificial sunlight (like that from indoor tanning) is...

The Skin

Normal skin is composed of a variety of cell types and extracellular materials. Significant changes in the skin's structure occur with aging. Both intrinsic skin pigments such as those present in birthmarks and exogenous pigments such as those present in tattoos can produce cosmetically objectionable skin lesions. Cosmetic lasers have been developed to treat many types of skin lesions by targeting the specific cellular or subcellular skin component that is responsible for the lesion. produce melanin, the skin's pigment. Melanin is a protein that absorbs ultraviolet (UV) light, protecting skin cells from UV damage. (People who are naturally dark skinned are genetically endowed with high levels of melanin.) UV exposure (such as from sunlight) stimulates melanocytes to produce more melanin. The melanin is packaged in tiny subcellular structures called melanosomes, which are transferred from melanocytes to keratinocytes where they reside. A tan is the skin's way of protecting itself from...

Skin Disease Dynamics

Skin Disease Dynamics

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Having Better Skin. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Important Info On Dealing With Skin Disease.

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