The Main Phobic Syndromes

The rest of this chapter outlines each syndrome of anxious avoidance that has a phobia diagnosis in ICD-10 (F40) and DSM-IV-TR (300.2). Thereafter it notes more briefly other syndromes of anxious avoidance. Almost all the syndromes are detailed in Marks 19,41 . They are described in the order in which they appear in the left-hand column of Table 1.1. Table 1.1 Phobias coded under anxiety disorders in ICD-10 11 and DSM-IV-TR 8 F40-48 NEUROTIC, STRESS-RELATED AND SOMATOFORM DISORDERS F40 Phobic...

Dysmorphophobia F452 Body Dysmorphic Disorder 3007

Dysmorphophobic worry about how one looks or smells can cause handicap like that from social phobia. The phobia may be of being too short or too tall, too thin or too fat, being bald or having a big nose or bat ears or a protruding bottom, or being too flat-chested or too bosomy as a woman. Sufferers are endlessly preoccupied with minor or totally imagined body defects that are not evident even to the keenest observer. Severe dysmorphophobia can lead to avoidance of public transport or going on...

References

Kendler K.S., Neale M.C., Kessler R.C., Heath A.C., Eaves L.J. (1992) The genetic epidemiology of phobias in women the interrelationship of agoraphobia, social phobia, situational phobia, and simple phobia. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 49 273-281. 2. Kendler K.S., Jyers J., Prescott C.A., Neale M.C. (2001) The genetic epidemiology of irrational fears and phobias in men. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 58 257-265. 3. Stein M.B., Chartier M.J., Hazen A.L., Kozak M.V., Tancer M.E., Lander S., Furer P., Chubaty...

Social Phobia F401 30023

When the normal slight anxiety at social occasions becomes so great as to disrupt everyday life, then it is a social phobia. Social phobia may be very focal, or involve several situations (mostly separate from agoraphobic ones), or be diffuse. Social phobia largely concerns a fear of scrutiny, of what other people think. A glance from someone else precipitates panic about being thought stupid. Sufferers may fear eating and drinking in front of others their fear may be of their hands trembling...

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder F431 30981

When the normal reaction to severe trauma lasts longer than a month and is particularly severe, then it is called post-traumatic stress disorder. Sufferers feel tense, irritable, spaced out, startle easily, cannot sleep, and have nightmares and flashbacks about the trauma. Depression and a sense of numbing are frequent, as is grief from any loss associated with the trauma. Patients avoid places, people, thoughts and other reminders of what happened, and this often-prominent aspect of...