B

Bacterial count, in urine, 16, 17, 18, 19. See also Bacteriuria

Bacteriuria asymptomatic, 253 in children, 253 significant, 17, 18, 253 urine dipstick detection of, 11

Balanitis xerotica obliterans, 247

Becquerals (Bq), 132 Bed wetting. See Enuresis, nocturnal Bence-Jones protein, 28 Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), 47, 49, 50-51, 227

calcification associated with, 198 as hematuria cause, 241 Bilirubin, 12

Biofeedback, during pelvic floor relaxation training, 192

Biopsy penile, 247 prostate, 195, 246

transrectal ultrasound-assisted, 198-200 testicular, 265 Bladder hypotonic, videourodynamic evaluation of, 188 imaging of with computed tomography, 87, 89 with cystography, 118-122 with cystoscopy, 216-217 with Doppler studies, 118

with magnetic resonance imaging, 105 with ultrasound, 81, 85 incomplete emptying of, 232

"lazy," 257 neurogenic ambulatory urodynamic evaluation of, 189 in children, 257 cystometry of, 174 as vesicoureteral reflux cause, 251 videourodynamic assessment of, 186 rupture of, imaging of, 120, 121-122 "teardrop," 121 Bladder cancer/tumors imaging of with computed tomography, 98 with cystoscopy, 217 with magnetic resonance angiography, 102 with magnetic resonance imaging, 101, 105 with positron emission tomography, 159, 161

TNM classification of, 244-245 Bladder catheterization,

210-213 Bladder compliance, ambulatory urodynamic evaluation of, 191 Bladder neck dyssynergia of, 232 obstruction of, 226 videourodynamic evaluation of, 187-188 Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), 226-227 ambulatory urodynamic evaluation of, 191 frequency volume chart patterns in, 164-165

pressure-flow cystometry of,

174, 180 residual bladder urine volume in, 173 symptoms of, 231, 232 urine flow rate studies of,

166, 169, 170-171 videourodynamic evaluation of, 186 Bladder pain, chronic,

229-230 Bladder retraining, frequency volume charts in, 165

Bladder surgery, cystography following, 119, 120," 122

Bladder trauma, imaging of, 98-99, 119, 120, 121-122 Bladder tumor antigen, 44, 45 Blood, in urine, 7, 9 Blood flow penile, 82, 85, 127-129 pudendal, 85 renal, 83, 84 scrotal, 85 testicular, 118 Blood sampling, for glomerular filtration rate estimation, 150-151 Blood tests, 47-68

for bone disease related to urology, 61-63 for electrolyte disturbances detection, 54-55, 56-57

male sex hormone profile,

63-64, 66 prostate-specific antigen (PSA) assay, 46, 47-54, 109, 155, 156, 195, 245, 246

Blood tests (cont.)

serum markers of adrenal function, 64, 66-68, 244

testicular tumor markers, 55, 58-61 Bone disease, related to urology, 61-63 Bone scans, 152-157 advantages and disadvantages of, 157 comparison with positron emission tomography, 162 indications for, 152, 246,

247, 249 interpretation of, 153-157 metastatic hot spots on,

154, 155 normal, 154 radiation dose in, 153 technique, 152-153 Bone tumor treatment, bone scans following, 156-157 Bony abnormalities, imaging of, 71

Bowenoid papulosis, 247 Bowen's disease, 247 Breast cancer, skeletal metastatic, 154 Breastfeeding, as contraindication to positron emission tomography, 159 and radiopharmaceuticals, 136

Brown-Wickham perfusion technique, 183

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