Contents

Preface v

Part I: Urological Investigations

(1) Urine Tests 3

(a) Urinalysis 3

(b) Flow Cytometry 19

(c) Cytology 21

(d) Glomerular Filtration Rate 25

(e) Creatinine Clearance 27

(f) 24-Hour Urine for Urinary Protein

Excretion 28

(g) 24-Hour Urine Analysis for Stone

Formers 30

(h) Urinary Electrolytes 34

(i) Renal Tubular Acidosis 38

(j) Adrenal-Specific Urinary Tests 40

(k) Urinary Markers for TCC Detection 42

(l) Urinary Markers for Prostate

Cancer Detection 44

(2) Blood Tests 47

(a) Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) 47

(b) Electrolytes 54

(c) Testicular Tumor Markers 55

(d) Bone Disease Related to Urology 61

(e) Sex Hormone Profile 63

(f) Serum Markers of Adrenal Function 64

(3) Radiology 69

(a) Plain Abdominal Radiograph (KUB) 69

(b) Intravenous Urography (IVU) 72

(c) Ultrasound Scanning (USS) 80

(d) Computed Tomography (CT) 87

(e) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 99

(f) Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy 107

(g) Nephrostogram 110

(h) Retrograde Ureteropyelography (RPG) . . . 114

(i) Doppler Studies 118

(j) Cystogram 119

(k) Urethography 122

(l) Cavernosography 127

(m) Fistulography 130

(4) Nuclear Medicine Investigations 132

(a) MAG3 Renography 136

(b) DMSA Renography 146

(c) Obtaining a Glomerular

Filtration Rate (GFR) 148

(e) Positron Emission Tomography

(PET) Scan 157

(5) Urodynamics 163

(a) Frequency Volume Charts 163

(b) Flow Rate Study 166

(c) Residual Bladder Urine Volume

Estimation 172

(d) Pressure-flow Cystometry Studies 173

(e) Urethral Pressure Profile 181

(f) Video Urodynamics 186

(g) Ambulatory Urodynamics 189

(h) Sphincter Electromyography (EMG) 192

(a) Transrectal Ultrasound of the Prostate . . . 195

(b) Urinary Stone Analysis 200

(c) Pad Test for Urinary Incontinence 203

(d) Laparoscopy for

Undescended Testis 205

(e) Aspiration of Renal Cysts 207

(f) Urethral Swabs 208

(g) Bladder Catheterization 210

(h) Standard Semen Analysis 213

(i) Cystoscopy 216

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Dealing With Erectile Dysfunction

Dealing With Erectile Dysfunction

Whether you call it erectile dysfunction, ED, impotence, or any number of slang terms, erection problems are something many men have to face during the course of their lifetimes.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment