Drawbacks

• Requires the presence of a nephrostomy (invasive)

• Complications include—

■ Nephrostogram

◊ Contrast allergy (less frequent than IV contrast)

◊ Contrast extravasation

■ renal puncture

◊ Failure to access kidney

◊ Septicemia

◊ Hemorrhage

◊ Perforation of collecting system

◊ Rarely, pneumothorax, hemothorax, bowel perforation

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Dealing With Erectile Dysfunction

Dealing With Erectile Dysfunction

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