• Assessment of whole or relative kidney function

■ Before and after surgical intervention (e.g., pyeloplasty, partial/total nephrectomy)

■ Investigation of acute or chronic renal failure

■ Assessment of the transplanted kidney

■ Assessment of renal function following trauma

• Assessment of kidney drainage in obstructive uropathy (e.g., uretero-pelvic junction obstruction, renal stones)

• Assessment of congenital renal abnormalities (e.g., dupplex, horseshoe, absent, ectopic, or cystic kidneys)

• Identification of vesico-ureteric reflux

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Dealing With Erectile Dysfunction

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