Info

videourodynamic evaluation of, 187 pH of, 8-9

effect on urinary crystal formation, 15-16 in 24-hour urine specimens, 32 renal calculi-related, 200 in renal tubular acidosis, 38, 39-40 specific gravity of, 8 in 24-hour urine specimens, 32 Urine cultures, 17-19 dip-slide method, 17 standard surface plating, 17

Urine flow rate, 139, 166-171 effect on glomerular filtration rate, 139 Urine microscopy. See

Microscopy, of urine Urine tests, 3-46

adrenal-specific urinary tests, 40-42 creatinine clearance, 27-28 cytology, 21-24 flow cytometry (DNA ploidy), 19-21 glomerular filtration rate,

25-27 renal tubular acidosis, 38-40

24-hour urine analysis for recurrent renal calculi, 30-34 24-hour urine for urinary protein excretion, 28-30 urinalysis, 3-19 dipstick analysis, 3 microscopic analysis of urine, 3, 12-19 physical examination of urine, 3, 5-12 specimen collection and transport in, 3-5 urinary electrolytes, 34-38 urinary markers for prostate cancer, 44-46 urinary markers for transitional cell carcinoma, 42, 44 urine cultures, 17-19 urine microscopy, 3, 12-17

Urinoma, 84

Urobilinogen, urine content of, 12

Urodynamics, 163-194 ambulatory, 189-192 of bladder outlet obstruction, 227 of chronic pelvic pain/

interstitial cystitis, 230

conventional, disadvantages of, 189 flow rate studies, 166-171 frequency volume charts,

163-165 pressure-flow cystometry studies, 173-181 residual bladder urine volume estimation, 172-173

Urodynamics (cont.)

sphincter electromyography,

192-194 urethral pressure profile, 168, 181-186 videourodynamics, 186-189 Uroflowmeters, 167-168, 190

Uroflowmetry, 166-171 Urological cancers, 240-249 Uropathy, obstructive, resistive index (RI) in, 118 Urothelial cells cytology of, 21-24 flow cytometry of, 19-21 Urothelial cell tumors,

244-245 Ureteropelvic junction obstruction, in children, 250-251, 252

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