Epilogue

This historical review is a tribute to the personalities who contributed to some extent to the progress of vascular surgery in Europe, both those who are among us at present and those who are fondly remembered (Fig. 1.1.17). However, from this short historical account many important persons and their work have not been mentioned due to limited space, but the interested reader can find them in other more extensive historical treatises.

Table 1.1.1 National data concerning vascular surgery in Europe. (A The existence of the independent speciality of vascular surgery and date of establishment, B the existence of vascular surgical clinics and date of establishment, B1 number of state clinics, B2 number of university clinics, B3 total number, C date of establishment of a vascular surgical society and/or angiological society, D the publication of vascular surgical and/or angiological journals, E the publication of books on vascular surgery and/or angiology, + existence, - existence, ? no information available)

Table 1.1.1 National data concerning vascular surgery in Europe. (A The existence of the independent speciality of vascular surgery and date of establishment, B the existence of vascular surgical clinics and date of establishment, B1 number of state clinics, B2 number of university clinics, B3 total number, C date of establishment of a vascular surgical society and/or angiological society, D the publication of vascular surgical and/or angiological journals, E the publication of books on vascular surgery and/or angiology, + existence, - existence, ? no information available)

Country

A

B B1

B2

B3

C

D

E

Austria

+ (1983)

1 (1972)

4

-

-

+

-

Bulgaria

+ (1994)

1 (1964)

-

7

-

+

-

Croatia

?

9 (1964)

13

19

+ (1996)

-

?

Cyprus

+ (1987)

-

-

-

-

-

-

Czech Republic

+ (1986)

3

1

4

?

+

+

Denmark

+ (2004)

4

5

9

-

-

-

Germany

+ (1978)

?

?

100

+ (1984)

+

+

Greece

+ (1989)

2

4

6

+ (1982)

+

+

Hungary

+

?

?

?

+

+

+

Iceland

-

1 (1994)

-

-

-

-

-

Ireland

-

1 (Late 50s)

-

-

+ (With UK)

-

-

Italy

+ (1974)

28

79

107

+

?

+

Norway

+ (1986)

-

-

-

+ (1990)

+

-

Poland

+ (2001)

-

-

-

+(2001)

+

+

Serbia

+ (1992)

1 (1989)

-

-

-

-

-

Slovak Republic

+ (1988)

1 (1978)

-

-

-

-

-

Spain

+ (1978)

1 (1963)

-

42

?

+

+

Switzerland

+ (2002)

-

-

-

+ (1989, 2000)

+

+

The Netherlands

-

-

-

-

+ (1981)

-

-

Turkey

-

1 (1961)

-

-

+ (1982)

+

+

UK

+ (1966)

?

?

?

+

-

+

Ukraine

-

1 (1972)

?

?

+(2001)

+

+

Table 1.1.2 Dates that various vascular surgical procedures started. (A Excision of aneurysms, A1 thoracic, A2 abdominal, A3 peripheral, B carotid endarterectomy, C arterial endarterectomy, D aortic by-pass, E femoro-popliteal by-pass, El with vein, E2 with plastic arterial prosthesis. F venous reconstruction, G endovascular aneurysm repair, G1 abdominal, G2 thoracic, G3 peripheral, ? no information available). The dates indicate the first performed operation

Table 1.1.2 Dates that various vascular surgical procedures started. (A Excision of aneurysms, A1 thoracic, A2 abdominal, A3 peripheral, B carotid endarterectomy, C arterial endarterectomy, D aortic by-pass, E femoro-popliteal by-pass, El with vein, E2 with plastic arterial prosthesis. F venous reconstruction, G endovascular aneurysm repair, G1 abdominal, G2 thoracic, G3 peripheral, ? no information available). The dates indicate the first performed operation

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

A1

A2

A3

E1

E2

G1

G2

G3

Austria

?

?

?

1962

?

1958

1952

?

?

?

?

?

Bulgaria

1960

?

?

1962

?

?

?

1962

1974

?

?

?

Cyprus

1988

1978

?

1981

?

?

?

?

?

2000

?

?

Czech Republic

Early 60s

Early 60s

?

Early 60s

Early 60s

?

Middle 50s

1958

1979

1994

?

?

Greece

Early 70s

1958

1964

1963

Early 70s

1963

1962

1961

?

1996

Early 2000

1997

Hungary

1954

?

?

1969

1949

1967

1951

?

1986

1997

?

?

Iceland

?

1967

1973

?

1960

?

?

?

?

?

Ireland

?

1953

1956

?

1959

?

1954

?

?

?

Norway

1979

1956

1958

1955

?

?

?

?

1995

?

Poland

?

1957

1963

1958

?

Late 50s

Late 50s

1992

Last years

Last years

Russia

1947

1958

?

?

1959

?

?

1999

?

?

Serbia

?

1966

1965

?

1966

1956

?

1970

Slovak Republic

?

1968

1961

1953

1964

?

1960

1981

Spain

1962

?

1963

?

?

1959

?

?

Switzerland

1957

1966

?

?

?

?

?

?

The Netherlands

Yes

?

Yes

?

Yes

?

?

?

1994

Turkey

?

1961

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

Fig. 1.1.16 The President of the MLAVS, P. Balas, presenting a Diploma of Honorary Member to G. Biasi (Italy), former Secretary of the League
Fig. 1.1.17 Galene's Dictum in Greek (To study the texts of the illustrious personalities of the past)

I trust that the new generations of vascular surgeons, inspired by the achievements of the important and leading personalities in angiology and vascular surgery of the past, will continue to carry the torch of progress of vascular surgery with enthusiasm and vision, to pioneer scientific work and carry out excellent medical practice for the benefit of our fellow humans afflicted by vascular diseases.

Acknowledgements

I greatly appreciate the following colleagues for providing important historical data concerning the development and evolution of vascular surgery in their countries: V. Anastasov, Plovdiv, Bulgaria Nicos Angelides, Nicosia, Cyprus Sir Peter Bell, Leicester, UK Patrice Bergeron, Marseille, France David Bergqvist, Uppsala, Sweden Giorgio Biasi, Milan, Italy Andrea Brunner, Nuremberg, Germany Murat Byazit, Turkey Josep M. Capdevila, Barcelona, Spain Lazar B. Davidovic, Belgrade, Serbia R. J. A. M. van Dongen, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Csaba Dzsinich, Budapest, Hungary H. H. G. Eastcott, London, UK Bert Eiklboom, Utrecht, The Netherlands Georg Hagmueller, Vienna, Austria William P. Hederman, Dublin, Ireland A. V. Gavrilenko, Moscow, Russia Roman Jaworski, Wroclaw, Poland Kiriaki Kalligianni, Athens, Greece Milan Krajicek, Praha, Czech Republic William MacGowan, Dublin, Ireland. Zygmunt Mackiewicz, Bydgoszcz, Poland Nikolay Muz, Ukraine Hans O. Myhre, Trondheim, Norway Bernhard Nachbur, Ittigen, Switzerland Jean Natali, Paris, France Anatoly Pokrovsky, Moscow, Russia V. Riambou, Barcelona, Spain Einar Stranden, Oslo, Norway Vladislav Treska, Plezen, Czech Republic James Yao, Chicago, USA F. Zernovicky, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

I would also like to thank my friends Professor Julius Jacobson, II, New York, N.Y., USA and Mr. L.H. Brown, Athens, Greece, for their editorial assistance.

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