• A hybrid of laparoscopic and conventional surgery, in which laparoscopic procedures are employed to minimize the surgical approach.
• Since the first laparoscopically assisted aortobifemoral by-pass, performed by Dion in 1993 , several techniques have been proposed.
• The most common techniques are the Hand-Port system, described by Kolvenbach  and Arous  (Fig. 5.5.8); the minimally invasive direct aortic surgery (MIDAS) reported by de Donato and Weber ; and the technique proposed by Alimi .
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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...