Moise, A. R., von Lintig, J., and Palczewski, K. (2005). Related enzymes solve evolutionarily recurrent problems in the metabolism of carotenoids. Trends Plant Sci. 10, 178-186.

Moore, T. (1930). Vitamin A and carotene VI. The conversion of carotene to vitamin A in vivo. Biochem. J. 24, 692-702.

Parvin, S. G., and Sivakumar, B. (2000). Nutritional status affects intestinal carotene cleavage activity and carotene conversion to vitamin A in rats. J. Nutr. 130, 573-577.

Quadro, L., Blaner, W. S., Salchow, D. J., Vogel, S., Piantedosi, R., Gouras, P., Freeman, S., Cosma, M. P., Colantuoni, V., and Gottesman, M. E. (1999). Binding protein. EMBO J. 18, 4633-4644.

Redmond, T. M., Poliakov, E., Yu, S., Tsai, J. Y., Lu, Z., and Gentleman, S. (2005). Mutation of key residues of RPE65 abolishes its enzymatic role as isomerohydrolase in the visual cycle. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 13658-13663.

Scharff, E. I., Koepke, J., Fritzsch, G., Lucke, C., and Ruterjans, H. (2001). Crystal structure of diisopropylfluorophosphatase from Loligo vulgaris. Structure (Camb.) 9, 493-502.

Seeliger, M. W., Biesalski, H. K., Wissinger, B., Gollnick, G., Gielen, S., Frank, J., Beck, S. C., and Zrenner, E. (1999). Phenotype in retinol deficiency due to a hereditary defect in retinol binding protein (RBP) synthesis. Invest. Ophtalmol. Vis. Sci. 40(1), 3-11.

Snodderly, D. M. (1995). Evidence for protection against age-related macular degeneration by carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 62, 1448S-1461S.

Sommer, A. (1989). New imperatives for an old vitamin (A). J. Nutr. 119, 96-100.

Sommer, A. (1997). Vitamin A deficiency, child health, and survival. Nutrition 13, 484-485.

Vogel, S., Piantedosi, R., O'Byrne, S. M., Kako, Y., Quadro, L., Gottesman, M. E., Goldberg, I. J., and Blazer, W. S. (2002). Retinol-binding protein deficient mice: Biochemical basis for impaired vision. Biochemistry 41, 15360-15368.

von Lintig, J., and Vogt, K. (2000). Filling the gap in vitamin A research. Molecular identification of an enzyme cleaving beta-carotene to retinal. J. Biol. Chem. 275, 11915-11920.

von Lintig, J., Dreher, A., Kiefer, C., Wernet, M. F., and Vogt, K. (2001). Analysis of the blind Drosophila mutant ninaB identifies the gene encoding the key enzyme for vitamin A formation in vivo. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 1130-1135.

von Lintig, J., Hessel, S., Isken, A., Kiefer, C., Lampert, J. M., Voolstra, O., and Vogt, K. (2005). Towards a better understanding of carotenoid metabolism in animals. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1740, 122-131.

West, K. P., LeClerq, S. C., Shrestha, S. R., Wu, L. S., Pradhan, E. K., Khatry, S. K., Katz, J., Adhikari, R., and Sommer, A. (1997). Effects of vitamin A on growth of vitamin A-deficient children: Field studies in Nepal. J. Nutr. 127, 1957-1965.

Wyss, A., Wirtz, G., Woggon, W., Brugger, R., Wyss, M., Friedlein, A., Bachmann, H., and Hunziker, W. (2000). Cloning and expression of beta,beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 271, 334-336.

Yan, W., Jang, G. F., Haeseleer, F., Esumi, N., Chang, J., Kerrigan, M., Campochiaro, M., Campochiaro, P., Palczewski, K., and Zack, D. J. (2001). Cloning and characterization of a human beta,beta-carotene-15,15'-dioxygenase that is highly expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium. Genomics 72, 193-202.

0 0

Post a comment