Species of Plants Reported to Be Used Traditionally to Treat Diabetes

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Order/Family

Musaceae

Strelitziaceae

Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae

Eudicots Ranunculales

Berberidaceae

Berberidaceae

Species

Musa paradisiaca L.

Distribution and Area Traditionally Used

Part Used

India, tropics Flower, root

Ravenala Africa madagascariensis J.F. Gmel.

Alpinia galanga Willd. India

Amomum aromaticum Roxb.

India

Amomum subulatum Roxb. India

Curcuma longa L.

India

Hedychium gardnerianum India

Wall. ex. Spreng. Hedychium spicatum Lodd. India

Rhizome Root

Root

Root

Leaf Rhizome

Zingiber officinale Rose. Tropics, India All

Zingiber zerumbet Rosc. India ex. Sm

Leaf

Berberis aristata DC

India

Root

Berberis vulgaris Vell.

India, Africa, Europe

Root

Comments about Activity

Chloroform extract of flowers reduces blood glucose in alloxan-treated rats (Pari and Umamaheswari, 2000) Used to treat diabetes (Sussman, 1980)

Reduces blood glucose in rabbits (Akhtar et al., 2002) Extracts have hypoglycemic activity (Marles and Farnsworth, 1995)

Extracts have hypoglycemic activity (Marles and Farnsworth, 1995)

Forms part of a mixture, "hyponidd," that reduces blood glucose in STZ-treated rats (Babu and Prince, 2004) Shows hypoglycemic activity in rats (Abraham et al., 1986) Extracts have hypoglycemic activity (Marles and Farnsworth, 1995)

Ethanol extract reduces blood glucose in alloxan-treated rats (Kar et al., 2003) Although used traditionally to treat diabetes, an aqueous extract did not decrease blood glucose in STZ-treated rats (Husen et al., 2004)

Contains berberine (Soffar et al., 2001), which reduces levels of fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, and total cholesterol (Leng et al., 2004) and decreases glucose absorption (Pan et al., 2003)

Berberine administration to impaired glucose tolerance rats reduces levels of fasting blood glucose, triglycerides and total cholesterol (Leng et al., 2004)

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