How to Mix Essential Oils

Learn How To Use Essential Oils

These aromatherapy eBooks are good for beginners and folks who just wanna make stuff. They cover some basic essential oil education, but they focus most on recipes and blending. They're written to help you play and experiment and learn how to use essential oils in your every day life. Learn how to make more than 40 natural home remedies & recipes using Lavender, Lemon, Oregano, Peppermint & Tea Tree. Over 70 Instant Tips to get started right away. Read more here...

Learn How To Use Essential Oils Summary


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Highly Recommended

The writer presents a well detailed summery of the major headings. As a professional in this field, I must say that the points shared in this book are precise.

When compared to other ebooks and paper publications I have read, I consider this to be the bible for this topic. Get this and you will never regret the decision.


According to Gaylord (1999 42), Aromatherapy is a term coined in 1937 by the French chemist Ren Maurice Gattefoss. Aromatherapy involves smelling different essences and oils, where each oil has its own property and is particularly effective for certain conditions (Parkinson's Disease Society 1998 99 10-11). Most often the oils are applied during massage a method allow ing the oils both to be inhaled and be absorbed into the skin, as well as bringing the traditional benefits of massage (Parkinson's Disease Society 1998 99 10).

Essential Oils

Essential oils are derived by steam distillation from plants in several families. The Lamiaceae family includes basil (Ocimum basilicum), mint (Mentha spp.), hyptis (Hyptis suaveolens), lavender (Lavandula spp.), sage (Salvia spp.), and thyme (Thymus spp.). The Myrtaceae family includes eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) and tea tree (Melaleuca spp.), and the Poaceae includes citronella, lemongrass, and palmarosa (Cymbopogon spp.). Table 22.1 shows the average protection times against Aedes mosquitoes of the most common essential oils. Indications that essential oils prevent malaria are available, although few in number. Philip et al. (1945) reported lower spleen indices in women than men in Southern Madras. An in vivo study of the local malaria vector Anopheles fluviatilis showed that the mosquitoes were biting men preferentially. The women of the region smeared themselves with turmeric (Curcuma longa), galangal (Kaempferia galanga), and mustard oil (Brassica juncea) before bathing....

Efficacy Of Lowcarbohydrate Diets On Weight Loss

Five randomized studies conducted over 6 to 12 mo have compared the effects of a low-carbohydrate diet and a calorie-controlled, low-fat diet on weight and body composition in obese adults (8-13). (Note that the Samaha and Stern papers refer to the same study but report 6-mo and 12-mo data, respectively.) With the exception of one study that prescribed nutritional supplements including vitamins, minerals, essential oils, and chromium picolinate to the low-carbohydrate group but not the low-fat group (12), diet prescriptions in these studies were comparable (e.g., a low-carbohydrate diet containing

Naturally Occurring Repellent And Insecticidal Chemicals

These are among the most widespread and structurally diverse of the plant products. Monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes are major components of many essential oils. Common examples include myrcene (bay leaves), geraniol (citronella), eucalyptol, also known as cineole (Eucalyptus spp.), and linalol (found in many plants). Open-chain structures include menthol (mint family), camphor (sagebrush), a and b pinene, and limonene (common in many plants). One important group of monoterpenes is the insecticidal pyrethrins, which are harvested from the dried heads of flowers in the Chrysanthemum genus. These plants are still widely cultivated in Kenya, Tanzania, Ecuador, Brazil, the former USSR, Japan, and India for use in mosquito coils and sprays. Monoterpenes are present in many members of the Lamiaceae, Myrtaceae, and Poaceae. They are present in plants to deter herbivores, and some exhibit considerable toxicity to insects while having low mammalian toxicity (Golob et al., 1999). Many of these...

The Use Of Smoke As A Mosquito Repellent

Merlin Willcox

The essential oils from the species of this genus contain linalool, linalol, linoleic acid, p-cymene, estragole, eucalyptol, eugenol, citral, thujone, ocimene, camphor, methyl chavicol, oleic acid, and many other terpenes, all of which are effective repellents. It grows rapidly under a range of climatic conditions, although it is best adapted to a drier climate. The essential oil of Ocimum basilicum (see Figure 22.3) is larvicidal, producing 100 mortality of Culex pipiens fatigans at 0.12 concentration (Chavan and Nikam, 1982). albimanus (Barnard, 1999). At 100 concentration it provides 135 and 105 minutes protection against Ae. aegypti and An. albimanus, respectively, and at 25 concentration, the protection time was 45 minutes for both species of mosquitoes. It was also determined that mixtures of essential oils were, in fact, no more effective than the essential oils alone. In the former USSR, a local method against biting insects was tying thyme stick, Thymus serpyllum, with thick...

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Also, when theory is induced from diverse data, the researcher is less likely to impose his her perceptions of reality on the phenomena at hand (Glaser and Strauss 1967 239). Thus the rigour of this study was enhanced through the use of a variety of sources of information in addition to the primary interview data. This information complements the interview data in a variety of ways (Shaffir and Stebbins 1991). For example, my own experiences as a user of alternative therapies provides me with insider awareness that reinforces the validity of this research (Douglas 1976). Further, the participant observation I conducted gave me a deeper familiarity with the various alternative therapies these informants used and practised, including acupuncture, aromatherapy, astrological healing, bagua, Chinese herbal medicine, chiropractic, Christian Science medicine, creative visualization, crystal healing, ear candling, Feldenkrais method, herbal medicine, homeopathy, hypnotherapy, massage,...

Lippia spp

To the Gambia L. cheraliera leaves are traditionallyusedasmosquitorepellents. L.javanica is commonly found in southern Africa and is frequently used as a repellent (Lukwa, 1994). Hot leaf infusions of the leaves of these plants are traditionallyused asremediesfora varietyofailments, including malaria (see Chapter 7). The leaves have a strong lemon smell (van Wyk et al., 1997), to which belief in its healing abilities can probably be attributed. L. cheraliera is also burned in the Gambia as a mosquito repellent smoke (Aikins et al., 1994). A thorough study carried out in Zimbabwe by Lukwa et al. (1999) revealed that 29 of the population used plants to protect themselves from mosquitoes, mainly by burning the leaves of L. javanica. The main constituents of the essential oils of this plant are monoterpenoids, such as myrcene, caryophyllene, linalool, p-cymene, and ipsdienone.

Adulticidal Effects

Various essential oils and plant extracts have been shown to have adulticidal properties (Gbolade, 2001). A near complete knockdown effect of the ethanolic extracts of the Zimbabwean plants Lippia javanica and Ocimum canum on adults of Ae. aegypti has been reported (Lukwa et al., 1996). Both plants appear to be equipotent. On the other hand, Ocimum canum extract was reported to have twofold larvicidal potency of Lippia javanica (Lukwa et al., 1996). According to NAPRA-LERT (2001), strong adulticidal properties were described for many parts of Mammea americana, Hura crepitans, and Gliricidia sepium against Ae. aegypti. Extracts of unripe fruits of Hura crepitans were completely adulticidal, but the ripe fruits were not. Ripening of fruits can affect their properties. Generally, adulticial activities of the unripe fruits of these plants were greater than those of ripe fruits.


Q11.3 Can aromatherapy oils be used in the treatment of chronic wounds It should be remembered that, although the practice of aromatherapy has many benefits, essential oils are powerful chemicals with risks attached to their use, and they should be used only by a qualified aromatherapist (Asquith 1999). If they are to be used as a 'topical medication', they should really be pharmacologically tested as any other topical medication would be.

Ukeleptes Plant 221

The Repellency of Essential Oils (100 Concentration) to Aedes Mosquitoes from USDA (1943-1967) In Europe and Northern America the plant Pelargonium citrosum is being marketed as a mosquito-repelling plant, since the leaves release a citronella-like odor. It is said that if planted, it will repel mosquitoes within a 0.93-m2 area (Matsuda et al., 1996). In field experiments with human subjects in Illinois, it proved ineffective at repelling Ae. vexans and Aedes triseratus mosquitoes (Jensen et al., 2000). Similarly, it did not protect human subjects against Ae. albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus in Florida, nor Aedes spp. in Michigan and Canada (Cilek and Schreiber, 1994 Cummings and Craig, 1995 Matsuda et al., 1996). The essential oil constituents were analysed and compared to essential oils of the Cymbopogon species. It was determined that P. citrosum contains trace amounts of citronellal and large amounts of linalool, whereas this ratio is reversed in C. winterianus and C. nardus...

Aromatherapy Aura

Aromatherapy Aura

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