Energy Healing

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Reiki Energy Healing Bracelet Summary


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Spiritual Connection Pendant

Many times we try to connect to the divine; however, somehow we tend to fail. This failure is not a factor of our faults but the ways in which we try to connect. With Spiritual Connection Pendant, forget about that failure and step into a world of peace and tranquility leading all the way to and governed by the Divine itself. This unusual pendant has a sacred image or symbol of the sacred ancient Tree of Life that is revered by almost every religion and civilization. Even, this regard for the symbol dates back to the ancient times when Mayans, Egyptians, Mesopotamians, Celts, and Assyrian were at their full boom in their respective ages. The main answer of why the Tree of Life is worshipped universally is deep-rooted in the fact that it represents the Divine flow of creation and energy from the creator to every being on this planet. To savor the fruits of that flow and to entrench your connection with the Divine, have this pendant now. Wear it or keep it in your bag, it will grant you the spiritual fullness you deserve and have a desire for. Continue reading...

Spiritual Connection Pendant Summary

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Adopting A Healer Identity

One type of change in identity experienced by the people I spoke with is that which is engendered through the process of adoption of a healer identity,1 a process noted in other research on lay use of alternative therapies (Sharma 1992). Becoming a healer has implications for identity as, in Becker's (i97oa 293) words, changing one's profession entails that the individual undergo adult socialization, which in turn can be conceptualized as a matter of change to self. For over half of the people who took part in this study, participation in alternative therapies led them to begin the process of becoming an alternative practitioner or healer. This process can be conceptualized as a continuum of identity change that spans taking courses in order to self-treat through to formal training to become a certified practitioner (see Figure 6.1). The arrow that connects the end of the continuum to its beginning in Figure 6.1 is intended to show that once certified and practising, alternative...

Alternative Healing Techniques

The people who participated in this research saw alternative healing techniques as informed by two key concepts self-healing and healing energy. For these informants, self-healing comprises self-treatment, harnessing the body's ability to heal itself, and the power of the mind to effect healing. Self-Healing Most informants saw the ability to heal oneself as a major defining criteria of an alternative approach to healing (Furnham 1994 Lowenberg 1992).5 Brenda put it this way Self-healing, the complexity of our bodies, the way it's all put together. And our minds, the complexity of our souls must be billions times greater. So I think only people themselves can truly heal themselves because of the complexity. Similarly, Marie told me this I had decided that it was time to get back to natural ways and looking inside for a lot of the answers to health questions, doing my own healing. For a few of these people, self-healing means to self-treat. As Laura said, You can self-prescribe...

Crystal Healing

Crystal healing is based on the notion that certain stones can be used as conduits for healing energy. Each stone has different healing properties (Thompson 1989). One of the participants in this research, Jane, offered to give me a crystal healing session. She asked me to sit down and hold my feet up slightly while she held two crystals at the soles of my feet. She told me that the crystals were creating a circuit of positive energy that would course through my body. Positive energy would enter my body through my right foot, travel up and around my body, and push negative energy out through the bottom of my left foot. She also diagnosed as she treated, telling me I had had an injury to my shoulder some years ago. At the end of the session she pronounced me pretty okay (field notes).

Therapeutic Touch

Therapeutic touch, also referred to as healing touch, involves the transfer of energy from the practitioner to the client. By moving his or her hands close to, or lightly touching, the client's body, the practitioner enables the person to heal (field notes). According to Natalie

Patricio Santillan Doherty

Ancient Mexican culture is full of contrasts and, unfortunately, best remembered by accounts of endless Aztec wars, human sacrifice, and ritual cannibalism. While much academic debate has been produced around the accuracy of human sacrificial descriptions, the mainstream indicates that it was practiced as part of a religious renovation.1 Two aspects of this relate to us dwellers of the modern medical age. The first has to do with surgical technical skills required to obtain a beating organ to offer the gods the second is the meaning of it all. Since these offerings were done during critical moments which coincided with cyclic changes in nature, the ultimate purpose was that of restoring the dangerously maladjusted cosmic energy. Not at all very different from the purposes we pursue today with organ transplantation although the targets are different (society well-being versus individual health), the outcome remains similar.

Who Uses Alternative Therapies

Furthermore, any attempt to classify people as users of alternative therapies on the basis of non-use of allopathic medicine is problematic, since rarely, if ever, do people participate in alternative therapies to the exclusion of biomedicine,3 and all the people who took part in this research made use of both alternative and allopathic health care. Another aspect of this problem is whether or not people are exclusively lay users or also practitioners of alternative therapies. One must point out that it is not uncommon for people to begin by participating in alternative health care in order to address their own health problems and then later seek training to practice alternative therapies on others (Sharma 1992), as did several of the people who participated in this research. However, all these people began by using the therapies for themselves and continue to employ them as part of their personal health care regimes. This type of overlap between user and practitioner roles can be...

How People Use Alternative Therapies

While the user of alternative therapies is no different from any other health seeker, the way in which those who spoke with me experience using alternative therapies is a distinct process dependent on developing ever-expanding alternative health care networks composed of alternative therapies and the people who use them (de Bruyn 2001). Creating these networks is rarely accomplished in a systematic fashion rather, it is a matter of one thing leading to another (Glik 1988 Sharma 1990). For example, Pam told me, I picked up a couple of books and sort of one thing has led to another. From reading one book I get reference to another book and Natalie said, Well I started off with positive thinking books, from there I went to tapes on healing and then I started taking courses on therapeutic touch and went from therapeutic touch to the results system. Similarly, when I asked Natalie how she had found her healer, she described the key encounter which led her to explore alternative health care...

Entrees Into Alternative Health Care

Consequently, people can experiment with alternative therapies in ways they can not with allopathic medicine. For instance, Simon told me that he flitted from one thing to another. Brenda referred to this process as dabbling and described it in the following way As I heard about things I went out and found out more about them and on that basis decided what to explore and experimenting Whenever I heard of a herb or a remedy I would try it. Similarly, Marie dabbled extensively once she found a holistic health care centre. She said There's the Wellness Centre. So I contacted them, went in and talked to them, got their catalogue and things just exploded from there. I think I tried just about all the therapies they had to offer. In addition, access can be as easy as picking up the phone book, as chiropractors, homeopaths, and naturopaths are generally listed in the yellow pages. There are also some directories of alternative therapies available. According to one participant at the healing...

The Nature Of The Clientpractitioner Relationship

Finally, caring was another criterion many of these informants used in distinguishing between allopathic and alternative healing. Over half of them said that, unlike allopathic physicians, alternative practitioners sincerely care about their clients. Simon, who is an acupuncturist as well as a lay user of alternative therapies, put it this way Another difference between holistic practitioners and allopathic practitioners is they're in it for money, it's a profession. We're in it for our love of people. Caring also means attending to the client (Hare 1993 Monson 1995 Sharma 1992). In Jenny's words, If you go for reiki or hypnotherapy you're getting the attention of somebody. Hanna, who practises yoga, spoke about caring and touching as hallmarks of alternative healing (Goldstein et al. 1987) Caring is a major difference. The doctors don't have time or patience. People need time and care, and that heals more than anything. I show that I care and I touch and hug.

Implications For Health Policy

Health insurance in Canada, the presence of chiropractic and naturopathy could represent the thin edge of the wedge where inclusion of other alternative healing modalities are concerned. and patient preferences (Fitter and Thomas 1997). For example, Walker and Anderson (1999 1615) argue that Many CAM practitioners emphasize the need for a genuinely collaborative approach to clinical decision making which means that randomization, for instance, preclude s evaluating certain treatment under everyday conditions. Another problem in applying the RCT method to the assessment of these therapies concerns the preference for blinding in RCT designs (Hart 2001). For example, blinding is impossible with therapies such as therapeutic massage or chiropractic treatment where there is physical contact between therapist and client (Fitter and Thomas 1997 Nahin and Straus 2001 Walker and Anderson 1999). Moreover, trials making use of placebos or shams as a control are problematic because within...

Stigma and Schizophrenia The Greek Experience

Despite the Greek origin of the words ''stigma'' and ''schizophrenia'', stigma attached to this severe mental illness has not been adequately studied in Greek society. Up to 1980, there were very few studies on people's perception of mental illness, mainly among relatives of the mentally ill 3, 4 . In the general population, two studies 5, 6 were conducted in 1964 and 1977, which showed some changes in public attitudes and beliefs about the various causes of mental illness. The majority of the respondents in the 1964 study believed that the main cause of mental illness was ''poverty'' and ''bad socioeconomic conditions'', whereas the 1977 study revealed that ''everyday life stress'' was the main cause and only older individuals expressed the view that mental illness is inherited. In the second study, in terms of seeking help, it was found that only young respondents raised and living in Athens would seek help from a psychiatrist in the case of a major psychological problem, while the...

Underdiagnosis of Depression Its Impact on the Community

Psychiatrists are aware that more than 80 of depressed patients are treated by general practitioners or traditional healers and, in some studies, specialists treat fewer than 5 of all patients with depressive disorders 2 . Several studies confirm that primary care physicians do not make the diagnosis of depressive disorders in more than half of patients who satisfy the criteria for depressive disorder. The obstacles to recognition and diagnosis are (1) the stigma associated with diagnosis (2) presentation with somatic symptoms that mask the depression (3) lack of training in diagnosing depressive disorders.

Ngoka 11 Herbal Medicine

Issues concerning ethics, patent, intellectual property rights, compensation for loss of finance-rich traditional resources, and the acquisition and safeguarding of traditional health care knowledge need to be addressed in any program that aims to use traditional medicine as a basis for new drug development. The issues of concern are the relationship between the community traditional healer possessing the healing knowledge and researchers, and the relationship between researchers and pharmaceutical firms. Bioprospecting of new antimalarial drugs from traditional medicinal plants and the exploitation of unprotected traditional knowledge should now be the focus of monitoring measures. Similar concerns that call for closer observation of cultural and intellectual property rights have been addressed in the Chiang-Mai and Kari-Oca Declarations. The first countries to seriously address these issues were China and India. Programs dealing with traditional medicinal plant conservation,...

Reconceptualizing The Health Care System

The usefulness of Chrisman and Kleinman's (1983) analysis lies in its recognition that lay forms of self-care, as well as the activities of alternative practitioners and other folk healers, are indeed part of the larger health care system. However, their model is problematic for several reasons. To illustrate, while Chrisman and Kleinman (1983) acknowledge that the boundaries between some of the sectors within the health care system are porous, they only envision movement across the boundaries between the folk and professional spheres and those between the folk and popular sectors. Furthermore, Sharma (1993 16) charges that they fail to fully explain how healing practices may shift their location from one sector to another and that they do not account for professionalization as a dynamic process in 'alternative' medicine in the West. In contrast, a more accurate rendering of the health care system would conceive of boundaries that are permeable between each of the sectors within the...

Witchery Charlatanism Frankenstein Science Fiction

Ever since the appearance of man on the surface of the Earth, diseases along with natural phenomena and catastrophes have interfered with his life. Sorcerers, witch doctors and their witchery were the only way to fight them off. As knowledge slowly and painfully advanced (discovering, for example, the effects of water, heat, cold and herbs or foods), the former practice freely interlaced with charlatanism or quackery (people who take actual scientific facts, perhaps distorting them, claiming to cure this or that illness). In between, we find the old mothers , barefoot doctors , medicine men and healers of all sorts many times applying surprisingly good and efficient concoctions or procedures, so indicating keen observational abilities and still acting all over the world, mainly in the country or in mountainous areas. Man is always attracted by the supernatural mysterious action. In China, the barefoot doctors are peasants who have gained some prestige and respect as healers among his...

Managing The Stigma Of Using Alternative Therapies

Informants who practised alternative therapies were also reluctant to disclose their activities to others. For example, Lorraine suggested that I interview her friend Betty, who is a reiki practitioner. She said, Betty and I travelled everywhere together because neither one of us knew what we wanted to specialize in. Now she has gone the healer route. However, when Betty and I spoke, she declined to identify herself in this way. I had noticed that she had a massage table in a room in her house and asked her if she was a reiki therapist. In an evasive tone she replied, Oh no. I like to do my own thing and I do my thing on myself and on my husband. Lorraine suggested that Betty did not disclose her status as a practitioner because she charged people for reiki treatments without declaring the income she earned on her taxes. Another informant, Nora, also declined to identify herself as a practitioner but, in her case, the concern was fear of harassment and prosecution by the Canadian...

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The individual may self-treat, as Chrisman and Kleinman (1983 571) note, by using patent medicines, prescription medicines which have been obtained from practitioners, pharmacies, or from family and friends. However, they may also self-treat by buying a homeopathic remedy in a grocery store, or by self-diagnosing a weakened immune system for which they compensate by taking vitamin C or garlic capsules. Moreover, what Chrisman and Kleinman (1983) call the folk sector is better conceptualized as the unregulated sector. Within this sphere one would find individuals who identify themselves as healers or practitioners but who are not regulated by legislation or who do not operate under the auspices of socially legitimated, professional associations. For instance, individuals who practice reiki out of their homes or a physician who uses alternative therapies not officially sanctioned by professional bodies such as the Canadian Medical Association. In the regulated sector I include health...

Efficacy Of Herbal Preparations In Childhood Febrile Illnesses

However, theoretical actions often differ from actual behaviour patterns. Matthies (1998) found that although 74 of patients at a traditional healer's clinic claimed they would go to a formal health facility first, in fact 47 went to the traditional healer without seeking advice elsewhere, and only 16 first went to a formal health facility. Simultaneous use of drugs and herbs was reported by some traditional healers interviewed by Gessler et al. (1995) and Rasoanaivo et al. (1992) their belief is that combining the two modalities gives an additional effect. There is some laboratory evidence to substantiate this in Madagascar (see Chapter 9).

Aids And Tuberculosis In Haiti Josephs Story

Joseph, 26, had been sick for months. His illness had started with intermittent fevers, followed by coughing, weight loss, weakness, and diarrhea. His family, too poor, they thought, to take him to a hospital, brought Joseph to a traditional healer. Joseph would later explain My father sold nearly all that he had our crops, our land, and our livestock to pay the healer,

Medicine In Aztec Culture

A concept of particular interest is that of the tonalli. This was that part of the personality of the individual which related to his fortune, luck, and destiny. At the same time, the word conveys a meaning of light, warmth, sun, and day. It was a kind of life force received by each individual at birth and was essential for vigor, growth, and valor. Tonalli could be lost, often by divine punishment, and as consequence, the patient would become the victim of all kinds of diseases and would eventually die. It has been identified with the western concept of soul. Anatomically located in the head, when it left the body because of divine wrath, cutting of the hair, sexual transgressions or fright it had to be restored loss was believed to create a space in the head and this in turn would produce a cranial depression. If a young infant had a depression of the fontanel, this was corrected by hanging the child upside down and pushing the palate up with force.4

What Are Alternative Therapies

What all of these concepts have in common is that they define alternative therapies in terms of what they are not, namely, allopathic medicine (Furnham and Bhagrath 1993).2 For example, McGuire (1988 3) defines alternative healing as a wide range of beliefs and practices that adherents expect to affect health but that are not promulgated by medical personnel Similarly, throughout her interview, Marie, a reiki practitioner, took pains to present herself as a collaborator rather than a competitor with allopathic medicine. However, it is clear that she sees allopathic medicine as subsidiary to alternative therapy. One is not enhancing the other rather, allopathic medicine is used solely in an auxiliary capacity. She said Not disregarding

Preparation Of Extracts For Antimalarial Screening

Traditional healers have their own methods for preparing antimalarial recipes, some of which have proved to be efficient and safe for use in humans over the thousands of years they have been in use. However, the mode of preparation of the formulation currently used by healers is commonly ignored when evaluating the efficacy of medicinal plants. Traditional antimalarial remedies should be prepared exactly as they are used in traditional medicine, preferably in close collaboration with healers, and used as such while evaluating them using in vitro and in vivo experimental models. In some cases, the plants used as antimalarials are known from the literature, but the exact recipe for preparing the traditional remedy is not clearly described. Scientists generally avoid using water extraction, which is the method used by healers in most cases, because of the complexity and difficulty involved in developing a suitable workup procedure with aqueous extracts. Organic solvent extractions are...

An Alternative Model of Healing

While I have shown that there are very real problems in conceptualizing alternative healing residually by distinguishing it from biomedical treatment, residual means of definition proved very popular among the people who participated in this research.1 When I asked Richard how he would define alternative healing, he said, Alternative healing is anything that would not be considered the traditional Western approach to it. And Lindsay told me alternative therapy is Stuff that's out of the realm of typical Western medicine, which Brenda echoed with I guess to me what alternative means is anything which is nonmedical. While Richard, Lindsay, and Brenda were among the few who stated it so explicitly, defining alternative healing by differentiating it from allopathic approaches was implicit throughout all the other interviews. The particular distinguishing criteria used by the people who participated in this research can be grouped into three broad categories the focus and purpose of...

The Focus And Purpose Of Therapy

The people who took part in this research used a series of alternative versus allopathic statements in explaining what they see as distinctive about the focus and purpose of alternative therapy. Some informants highlighted the general approach to health problems, for example holism while others focussed on specific techniques they associated with alternative healing, such as natural remedies. What is common in all cases, however, is that they distinguish alternative therapy by differentiating it from what they see as the negative standard of Western biomedical treatment (see Figure 4.1). All the people who spoke with me said that serious, acute, and emergency situations are the proper sphere of allopathic medicine. For example, Roger told me that while he is extremely reluctant to use allopathic therapies, he does feel that medicine has some very powerful weapons to mobilize in cases of acute illness. As Richard graphically put it If someone comes to you with their finger half cut off...

Christian Science Medicine

Christian Science Medicine is a spiritual healing system that rejects allopathic medicine. According to Mary Baker Eddy (1934 109-123), founder of the Christian Science religion The term Christian Science designate s the scientific system of divine healing and reveals incontro-vertibly that mind is All-in-all, that the only realities are the divine Mind and idea. The Christian Science approach to healing can be summed up in the principles God is All-in-all God is good God is Mind God, Spirit, being all, nothing is matter Life, God, omnipotent good, deny death, evil, sin, disease (Eddy 1934 113). In other words, illness and disease are seen as errors of the mind. Only through prayer and divine intervention can they be corrected, returning the person to health. According to Randal,

The Structure Of The Book

Chapters four and five are the lynchpins of this book, as they contain the alternative models of health and healing espoused by the people who participated in this research. The centrality of these models to understanding the experiences of individuals who participate in alternative therapies lies in the link they provide between adoption of alternative health belief systems and the impact of these alternative health and healing ideologies on an individual's sense of self. In chapter four I describe these informants' model of alternative healing and discuss how they give meaning to it by I extend my analysis of the potential implications for the individual of participation in alternative health care in chapter six by addressing the hitherto underdeveloped analysis of the relationship between alternative therapy use and the self. I discuss how some of the people who spoke with me used the ideology contained within this model of health to construct a healthy sense of self. In chapter...

Examples Of Local Names For Sicknesses

In medical terms empacho (impaction) means that the gut is stopped up or obstructed (see p. 94). But in Mexican villages any illness causing stomach-ache or diarrhea may be called empacho. It is said that a ball of hair or something else blocks a part of the gut. People put the blame on witches or evil spirits, and treat with magic cures and cupping (see picture). Sometimes folk healers pretend to take a ball of hair and thorns out of the gut by sucking on the belly.

Why Observational Studies Also Need To Be Conducted Before Preclinical Studies

Contact between primary health care professionals and traditional healers is more frequent young local people have started to use or learn local treatment traditional healers have raised their prices plants used as antimalarials are becoming rare or start to be cultivated and so on.

Participatory Research

The Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions (FRLHT) is a nongovernmental organisation in Bangalore, India, dedicated to revitalising traditional medical knowledge and the conservation of medicinal resources. For finding out best solutions to public health problems, FRLHT has been carrying out a program called documentation and participatory rapid assessment of local health practices followed by clinical trials. The rapid assessment is carried out through community-level workshops. In these workshops the knowledgeable households, village healers, and physicians from various systems of medicines such as Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, and biomed-icine meet together and review selected local health practice. The medical systems represented use clinical data from their own classical texts in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, and pharmacology to back up their comments. This rapid assessment method is applied to promote effective local remedies. The workshop provides a platform for the...

Problems In The Current Traditional Medicine Research In Malaria

It would seem evident from the chapters in this book that different cultural regions of the world have had their own understanding of malarial fevers and have equipped themselves to combat the disease in localised ways. This is clearly evidenced by the fact that the two globally most important antimalarial drugs have had their origin in traditional medical knowledge drawn from two far corners of the world, Peru (see Chapter 2) and China (see Chapter 3). However, when it comes to searching for further solutions for combating the disease, the contemporary relevance of the traditional knowledge is often overlooked. It is clear from the textual descriptions in Ayurveda that malaria has been described in detail and has been managed by traditional medicine healers in India in the past. Due to various reasons, like lack of political patronage for traditional medicine, overdependency on the biomedical drugs, lack of interest among young people to continue the tradition, and depletion of...

Structural Barriers To Effective Aids And Tuberculosis Control

Joseph's experience is typical in many ways and instructive in most. He is one of tens of millions worldwide suffering from HIV disease and TB he lives in great poverty he sought care unsuccessfully until he simply gave up. His family did what they could to save his life, selling off meager assets and receiving contradictory advice from neighbors and from traditional healers in a country in which trained medical personnel are rare* and most care is fee-for-service. Joseph's

Chemosensitising Therapy In Malaria

As a result, local populations rely on chloroquine to treat malaria, often by way of self-medication. Naturally, they use inexpensive local remedies to reinforce the activity of this anti-malarial drug once it loses its effectiveness, and this behaviour is probably at the origin of chloroquine-adjuvant plants used by healers to this purpose. It is interesting to note that before the advent of rational drug combinations in malaria chemotherapy, this approach was already clinically used to treat quinine-resistant malaria in Madagascar as far back as 1880 in referring to combinations of quinine and arsenic-based drugs, and also empirically applied to enhance the action of chloro-quine with chloroquine-adjuvants during the bemangovitra epidemic.

Cataloging Ecosystem Structure And Function And Mapping Ecosystem Goods And Services

Some ecologists use energetics (Odum, 1988, 1996) as a common currency for valuation. More specifically, energetic valuation (Odum and Odum, 2000) attempts to put the contributions of the economy on the same basis as the work of the environment by using one kind of energy (e.g., solar energy) as the common denominator. Accordingly, the term emergy was proposed to express all values in one kind of energy required to produce designated goods and services, for the purpose of eliminating confusion with other energetic valuation concepts (Odum, 1996). As an example, to evaluate the total worth of an estuary, the total energy flow in terms of embodied energy (which represents all of the work of the ecosystem) is determined and then this energy value is converted to monetary units on the basis of the ratio between energy and money in the production of market goods (Odum, 1993).

Words To The Village Health Worker

Some village health workers receive training and help from an organized program, perhaps the Ministry of Health. Others have no official position, but are simply members of the community whom people respect as healers or leaders in matters of health. Often they learn by watching, helping, and studying on their own. If you can use what is best in modern medicine, together with what is best in traditional healing, the combination may be better than either one alone. WORK WITH TRADITIONAL HEALERS AND MID WIVES NOT AGAINST THEM.

The Sacredness Of Life

Richard Dunkerly, an evangelical Christian, teacher, and writer states Of all people, Christians should not be the destroyers. We should be the healers and reconcilers. We must show NOW how it will be THEN in the Peaceable Kingdom of Isaiah 11 6 where 'the wolf shall lie down with the lamb and a little child shall lead them.' We can begin now within our homes and churches by teaching our children respect and love for all of God's creation by teaching them. 39

Changes In Selfperception

Adopting a healer identity was one type of self-change experienced by the people who took part in this study however, it was not the only one. For many informants, participation in alternative therapies, and adoption of alternative health and healing ideologies, led to changes in their subjective perceptions of self. In particular, it allowed them to re-define aspects of personal identity, that unique collection of life history items that comes to be attached to the individual (Goffman 1963 57). That participation in alternative approaches to health care can have this effect has been observed in other research on the users of alternative therapies (Csordas 1983 Easthope 1993 Glik 1988 1990 McGuire 1983, 1987 Pawluch et al.1994). For instance, in describing the use of creative visualization among participants in a metaphysical healing group (MHG), Glik (1988 1201) reports that In MHGs images of light emanating from and surrounding the self protected from dark forces and to some degree...


Two main categories of vegetarian diets can be distinguished. Neither meat, fish, nor poultry are consumed in these categories. The most lenient of the two is the lacto-ovo-vegetarian (LOV) diet, which allows for milk, dairy, and egg consumption. Lactovegetarians (LV), on the other hand, consume milk and dairy products, but do not eat eggs. The pure or strict vegetarian diet, usually referred to as the vegan diet, contains no food derived from animals. Often, the macrobiotic diet is ascribed to the vegan category of diets. However, followers of this largely spiritually based regimen may occasionally use some lean fish and meat. Typical macrobiotic dietary items such as unpolished rice and other whole grain cereals, seaweeds, soya products, and miso soup are eaten regularly, whereas fresh fruit and salads are avoided or used sparsely. This explanation is important because, in the last three decades, the numerous published studies examining the growth and development of vegetarian...

Herbal Medicine

According to Hoffmann (1988 7), Herbalism is practised holistically. While drugs made from plants have been used in allopathic medicine since its beginnings, herbalists argue that isolating the active ingredient from an herb or plant is reductionist and decreases the healing potential of the remedy. Like homeopathy and naturopathy, herbalism rests on the assumption of self-healing. Hoffman (1988 19) writes The person who is 'ill' is in fact the healer. Aid can be sought from 'experts' but healing comes from within, from truly embracing the life that flows within us. Herbs will aid in this process, but healing is inherent in being alive. The aid in question here is decoctions of various herbs and plants.

The Results System

The results system is a program of healing that incorporates elements of therapeutic touch, energy work, nutrition, detoxification therapy, metaphysical healing, and creative visualization as healing techniques. According to Natalie, The results system is a system to heal your mind, body, and spirit all at once. And within four or five sessions a person can be healed by conversation, and by healing of the hand, and by their belief system. When Natalie refers to healing by their belief system, she means by using creative visualization and positive affirmations to replace negative thought patterns (Achterberg 1985). The healing process involves determining if there are blocks impeding the flow of energy within the person. In Natalie's words If the chakras4 are blocked for any reason, due to stress, illness, disease, these have to be opened before you can possibly Once the chakras are opened healing with therapeutic touch can begin. In Natalie's words Once those are all cleared you can...

Luis H Toledo Pereyra

The Asclepius Center of Healing of Pergamon exemplifies the medical centers of antiquity.2 Three other centers, Epidaurus, Ephesus, and Cos, were also recognized as the healing centers of the ancient world. Shrines to Asclepius attracted the sick. At the Pergamon Center of Healing, Galen exerted his incredible cures. Patients flocked from all over to be seen by the master healer.3 Immediately upon arrival, the patient was purified, visited the temple, and then entered a period of incubation. At the treatment center or Telesphoreion, the treatments followed the


Since prehistoric times man has gradually, through trial and error, recognised and used plants for the treatment of malaria and other ailments. Healers, elders, parents, or priests passed on orally the knowledge of efficacious traditional medicaments to some members of their family, community, and the next generation. In developing countries in Africa as well as in South America and Asia, traditional healers are still very often the only medical health care practitioners available to the majority of people living in remote areas (Akubue and Mittal, 1982). On this realisation the Organisation of African Unity's Scientific, Technical and Research Commission (OAU STRC) organised a symposium in Dakar (Senegal) in 1968 to discuss, among other things, the contribution of traditional medicines to health care provision in Africa. The meeting resolved to intensify efforts for the creation of an inventory of medicinal plants, as well as to strengthen research on medicinal plants, with the...

Clinical Studies

There are a few unpublished anecdotal reports of renal failure in Ghanaians who were drinking neem leaf teas as an antimalarial treatment (Okpanyi and Ezeukwu, 1981), and of toxicity following overconsumption of neem leaf extract in the Sudan in 1987, following a malaria epidemic and drug shortages (Ibrahim et al., 1992). Some traditional healers in Tanzania report that neem root and leaf infusions may cause palpitations and abortion (Gessler, 1995).

Healing The Self

McGuire (1987 376) contends that the very rhetorics of healing in modern Western societies emphasize individual choice and transformation. In particular, alternative approaches to healing have been observed to have this type of self-transformative potential (Glik 1988,1990 McGuire 1983 Pawluch et al. 1994 Stambolovic 1996 Ullman 1979). For instance, Easthope (1993 294) asserts that The healer's task is to reconstruct individuals in a mode that provides them with the ability to manage their disease. However, O'Connor (1995 28) points out that physical recovery may not be the most important outcome of alternative healing. Consequently, the reconstruction of the individual engendered through his or her participation in alternative therapies does not merely enable the person to better cope with disease, but can also provide the individual with the means to change his or her self-perceptions. Moreover, for the people I spoke with, self-healing not only means developing the ability to...

History Of Treatment

By the 1930s, the use of aseptic meningitis through the introduction of inactivated horse serum into the subarachnoid space was a commonly practised treatment. The surgeons were not to be outdone. They not only performed vasectomies and hemithyroidectomies, but were glad to remove other tissues that were perfectly normal. If one continues to review the history and looks at the use of intravenous gold salts, fever therapy, insulin, metrazol, lobotomies, renal dialysis and other unscientific treatments, it is very difficult not to draw the conclusion that these patients mobilize considerable ambivalence in the healer 1 . This is not an effort to condemn, but rather to recognize the nature of the response to mental illness. Mental illness is unique in its ability to alter the fundamental characteristics that define the human being and, hence, to mobilize the greatest anxiety in the observer. This insight may help us to understand the degree and intensity of the stigma associated with...


For some research questions, observational studies appear as the design of choice. For example, a follow-up study could answer the question Does this traditional healer have a cure rate with malaria patients that is similar to local outcomes with modern drugs A case-control study could answer

Literature Review

Given the diversity of expertise required to conduct ethnopharmacological research, fieldwork teams should be multidisciplinary, involving anthropologists, botanists, pharmacologists, physicians, traditional healers, and other local counterparts who are or can be trained to the research endeavour and who can sustain the research after the out-of-country researchers have departed. If traditional healers and other local people do not agree to the immediate or long-range publication of research, this should not hinder research. In that case, the results can be made available on a confidential basis to approved collaborators. For example, the findings can serve as the basis for preliminary clinical research and can be formatted electronically to permit data manipulation. Information for each identified species should be presented in a standardised format, as depicted in Box 14.4.

Freedom Of Religion

Freedom of religion is another basis for refusal in a few situations. However, this First Amendment protection applies primarily to freedom of belief, not freedom of action, so the state may restrain religious action. Another reason that this freedom has limited relevance in refusal of treatment situations is because most religions merely permit refusal. Thus, legally required treatment does not necessarily violate religious tenets. The only cases in which freedom of religion has been pivotal have involved Jehovah's Witnesses' refusing blood transfusions or Christian Scientists' refusing all treatment. Although more recently, there have been a few cases pertaining to religious sects that believe in faith healing, in which the right to refuse was upheld.

Personal Problems

I guess it's called 'burnout' and that's basically when I started searching for ways of healing myself. I was very career-driven. I was working as a senior manager it was a very stressful environment. By the time the second week of January rolled by I said to somebody 'I feel like I've lived a whole year already.' Everything was just wearing me down and then one day I went down to a meeting and I just froze. I couldn't process a page. I just sort of clenched my teeth, waited through lunch, and ran away.

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