DIRECTIONS: Each of the numbered items or incomplete statements in this section is followed by answers or by completion of the statements. Select the one lettered answer or completion that is best in each case.
1. Which of the following is the most important first step in the diagnostic and treatment process?
a. A thorough history and physical examination b. Blood work c. Urinalysis d. Electrocardiogram e. Radiographic imaging f. Invasive procedures
2. Which of the following is the most accurate method of obtaining a temperature in the pediatric population?
a. Use a rectal thermometer placed in the rectum for 2 min to record a rectal temperature b. Use an oral thermometer under the tongue to record an oral temperature c. Record an axillary temperature d. Use an oral thermometer above the tongue to record an oral temperature e. Use a rectal thermometer placed in the rectum for 1 min to record a rectal temperature
3. Which of the following best describes a pulse amplitude of two plus (2+)?
a. A diminished, barely palpable pulse b. An expected pulse c. A full and increased pulse d. A bounding pulse e. An absent pulse
4. Which of the following statements is true concerning the measurement of blood pressure?
a. The bladder should encircle approximately 80% of the circumference of the limb b. A cuff that is too small will give an artificially low reading c. Readings from two arms generally vary by more than 20 mm Hg in a normal patient d. It is not necessary to fully deflate the cuff before repeating a measurement e. The pressure at which Korotkoff sounds disappear should be read as the systolic blood pressure
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