Kurz Titanium Thyroplasty Prosthesis

Vocal Cord Medialization

Titanium Ti, anatomic number 22 was a laboratory rarity until William Kroll 1889-1973 developed a process for commercial production of titanium alloys by combining titanium tetrachloride with calcium to produce ductile titanium the Kroll Process . Titanium is the fourth most abundant structural metal on Earth. Today, it is widely used in medical devices, dental applications, and surgical implants due to its superior biological performance. About as strong as steel, titanium is 50 lighter. Its...

Superior Arcuate Line Vocal Fold

Vocal Cord Injection With Autologous Fat

Vocal fold injection for global augmentation of the vocal fold is a successful way to treat glottal closure insufficiency 1 . Autologous fat is an excellent material for this type of vocal fold injection. This chapter discusses the patient selection, clinical aspects, and post-operative management issues related to vocal fold lipoin-jection. RationaleforVocal Fold Lipoinjection The distinct advantage of vocal fold lipoinjection is the use of an autologous material that is usually readily...